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Vol. 47 Issue No. 26

Anpetu Iyamni, June 29, 2016

Inside this Edition –

SWO to host 149th annual Wacipi this weekend!

Highlights of first General Council of 2016, held last week

Highlights of Veterans Cemetery ground-breaking

SWO Environmental Code Public Forum is Thursday, June 30

Results of last Tuesday's Sisseton School Board election

Oyate gravesites are vandalized!

Note to candidates: New Sota discounted rates, pre-payment policy

Deadline for receipt of copy is Friday noon

Welcome to the 149th annual SWO Wacipi

The Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate will host their 149th annual Fourth of July Wacipi this week, beginning on Friday, July 1st, 2016. Grand entries are at 1:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m. on Friday and on Saturday, July 2nd. Final grand entry will be held at 1:00 p.m. on Sunday, July 3rd. For a schedule of specials, and other information about this year's gathering of relatives and friends, see the poster on the back page. For our annual Visitors Guide to the Pow Wow, see page two. Come out and enjoy a celebration of rich Dakota culture, visit with family, relatives and friends from across the Lake Traverse Reservation and from across the country.

Groundbreaking for SWO Veterans Cemetery

Sota photos by John Heminger

Ceremonial groundbreaking was held last Wednesday, June 22nd, at the site of a planned SWO Veterans Cemetery. Located on the Coteau des Prairies west of Sisseton, near the community golf course, the cemetery is designed to be a beautiful final resting place for Oyate veterans. Please read VSO Geri Opsal's teport to Akicita here.

Remarks (As Prepared)

Mr. George D. Eisenbach Jr.

Director, Veterans Cemetery Grants Program

Groundbreaking Ceremony

Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate

June 22, 2016

Thank you, Tribal Elders, Tribal Chairman, Members and Friends, Distinguished Guests, My fellow Veterans, Active Duty Service Members, Guard and Reserve, Ladies and Gentlemen:

Good morning and Congratulations.

Before I begin my remarks, I want to say that you will be the third Tribal Veterans Cemetery in the State, and there are no State Veterans Cemeteries in South Dakota.

Also, you are the first Tribal Veterans Cemetery to be opened to all Veterans.

On behalf of the Department of Veterans Affairs, Secretary Bob McDonald, The Interim Under Secretary for Memorial Affairs, Ron Walters, and the Veterans Cemetery Grants Team, it's an absolute pleasure and honor for me and our Project Manager for your Tribal Veterans Cemetery, Mr. Howard Orr from my team to be here this morning for this most important Groundbreaking Ceremony on sacred land and hallowed grounds for your Veteran Warriors and their eligible family members.

I'm a Veteran myself, having served 23 years in the U.S. Army, so my fellow Veterans-----and projects that honor them are close to my heart.

I remember when Howard and I came out for the kickoff meeting, I addressed Tribal Council and remember saying "we need to make this happen." There were some bumps in the road, and Howard and I decided to come out for another visit to show our concern. I addressed Tribal council and again the message was "we need to make this happen". Today Howard and I can stand here keeping our word that we made it happen. Not just us but all of you, and I know speaking for my team, we will enjoy our partnership as you continue to develop your Tribal Veterans Cemetery. To honor you're Veterans Warriors and their eligible family members.

A little about this grant. This grant of $3.39 million will fund the construction of a main entrance, a maintenance facility, roads, and assembly area, a committal shelter, 99 preplaced crypts, 51 cremain burial areas, landscaping, and supporting infrastructure, this project will develop 5.7 acres.

In addition to the grant you received, four additional tribes have received funding and will dedicate their sites between now and the end of 2016.

We are very excited about this Groundbreaking Ceremony at VA, because it means greater numbers of deserving Veterans will soon have burial options where they live, and where their ancestors have lived for generations.

This land is where your warriors are born and where their stories begin to take shape and this cemetery is where they will return when life's battles are done.

Please accept my heartfelt congratulations on all you have accomplished, and please know that I have been honored to be part of this very special day.

Thank you!

Letter from Senator Rounds on Veterans Cemetery groundbreaking

Dear Veterans, Chairman Flute, Director Eisenbach and the Community of Sisseton:

I am sorry I cannot be there with you today for the groundbreaking ceremony of your new veterans' cemetery. Today signifies a dream coming true.

The creation of this special place for our veterans is a wonderful way to honor them and show our gratitude to them. South Dakotans are eternally grateful to our veterans for not only keeping us safe here at home, but also for giving freedom and democracy to millions of people in other parts of the world.

We are also grateful to the spouses of our service members. When one spouse was gone, a heavy burden was put on the other. The daily family activities were done by one instead of two. The sacrifices that spouses made are endless, and we are also eternally grateful to them for sharing their loved ones with us.

Much thanks is owed to the Veterans Cemetery Grants Program, the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate and everyone who has contributed funding and their support for this new cemetery.

Mike Rounds,

US Senator.

"From the desk of Geri Opsal, Tribal Veteran Service Officer"

Phone 605-698-3388

*VETERANS GROUND BREAKING CEREMONY: Please see all the wonderful pictures in this edition. What a great group effort by the Oyate – Delbert "Roly" Hopkins, Jennifer Williams and the departments that cut the grass, put up the canopies and set out all the chairs and most of all put up the tree post in the center! And of course we can't forget DMC Dream Team - Vernon Renville, Supervisor, your team outdid themselves once again serving the meal and making sure the tables and set up were perfect. Thank you all you made the event just look fantastic! Joe Williams for the prayers and Tom Wilson for all of your services and the Drum Group for your songs! I want to thank all of the honor guards who attended. As Veterans we love to have our fellow Veterans no matter what age or era or campaign present as you are the ones that we are honoring and continuing to serve and make things better for. I said it once and I will continue to – without Veterans we wouldn't be enjoying our freedoms we do today. Work will be starting this coming week and I want you to know that we are so excited to see this project finally get underway! We have 6-7 months to plan a Grand Opening and we look forward to that day! Thank you all each and every one of you who attended and Brad Nichols, Bravo Honor Guard for bringing your flags all the way from Willmar, MN. We appreciate how everyone of you came and helped us celebrate! The icing on the cake was the KSFY coverage and made the 6 and 10 o'clock news. The positive exposure our SWO Tribe received from their coverage was awesome we had many calls into the office. Thank you Chairman Flute in your support of everything we did this past week and stepping up where you were needed.

*2nd Annual Bataan Memorial March: Is scheduled to take place on Friday, July 1st, 2016 and we will have it early morning like we did last year I am asking everyone arrive by 7:30 AM so we can start at 8AM sharp! The first 100 participants will get a commemorative tee shirt! Last year we had such a great turnout in HONOR of our survivors and all survivors and those who perished on the actual Bataan Death March WWII. We hope you can join us this year. Our WWII Veteran survivors of the Death March are: Winfield Thompson Sr., WWII and Louis Williams, WWII Veteran. Tom Wilson. KXSW will also be leading with his radio on the air again like he did for us last year! Tom always steps up and makes things better – thank you Tom we appreciate you so much!

*Tuesday and Wednesday: I will be in Mobridge as the SD Tribal Veteran Service Officers are meeting with Dean Eckes, Manager of NADL (Native VA Loan) as well as Janel Telin, Rural Development. We are continuing to work on the Veteran Homesite development. We are trying to secure funding for the infrastructure (roads, water, curb and gutter) for the 14 Veteran homes that could be built on the 40 acre site. These would be 2.5 acre plots that would be leased by the Veteran from the Tribe and the Veteran would also be responsible for securing the NADL (Native American Direct Loan) for building their home. I will keep you updated!

*Thank you all: who called about our break in. My hope is that the vandals are brought into this office and we can sit them down and tell them the story of what Veterans have done for their freedoms.


*WOMEN VETERANS CALL CENTER: 1-855-VA-WOMEN. Crisis Help Line: 1-800-273-8255, available 24/7, and tell them you are a veteran. All calls are confidential.

*REMEMBER: We are here to serve you our fellow Veteran, widows, dependents. And also you see a Veteran shake their hand---that small gesture means a great deal to them! Call us at 698-3388 or cell 268-0502.

*American Legion Post #314- Delano Renville, Commander Cell: # 268-0354 / Vietnam Veterans Kit Fox Society - Phone: # 698-3901 ask for Doc / Desert Era Veterans - Danielle DeCoteau, Commander Cell#: 268-1765. For GAS ASSISTANCE: Geri Opsal 698-3388.

Have a good week. Geri Opsal, Tribal VSO.

Chairman Flute on travel to DC

SWO Tribal Chairman Dave Flute it on travel early this week to Washington, DC. He plans to return before the start of the 149th annual Wacipi this Friday through Sunday.

He was asked to testify at a U.S. Senate Indian Affairs Committee hearing considering enactment of Senator Mike Rounds' RESPECT legislation.

Rounds' bill will remove several old laws from the books that are inappropriate. And even though they are no longer enforced, they are denigrating to the tribal nations and their people.

Here are highlights of the laws which will be removed with passage of this legislation:

*25 U.S.C. 302 Indian Reform School; rules and regulations; consent of parents to placing youth in reform school

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, is authorized and directed to select and designate some of the schools or other institution herein specifically provided for as an "Indian Reform School," and to make all needful rules and regulations for its conduct, and the placing of Indian youth therein: Provided, That the appropriation for collection and transportation, and so forth, of pupils, and the specific appropriation for such school so selected shall be available for its support and maintenance: Provided further, That the consent of parents, guardians, or next of kin shall not be required to place Indian youth in said school. 25 U.S.C. 72 Abrogation of treaties Whenever the tribal organization of any Indian tribe is in actual hostility to the United States, the President is authorized, by proclamation, to declare all treaties with such tribe abrogated by such tribe if in his opinion the same can be done consistently with good faith and legal and national obligations.

*25 U.S.C. 127 Moneys of annuities of hostile Indians

No moneys or annuities stipulated by any treaty with an Indian tribe for which appropriations are made shall be expended for, or paid, or delivered to any tribe which, since the next preceding payment under such treaty, has engaged in hostilities against the United States, or against its citizens peacefully or lawfully sojourning or traveling within its jurisdiction at the time of such hostilities; nor in such case shall such stipulated payments or deliveries be resumed until new appropriations shall have been made therefor by Congress. 25 U.S.C. 128 Appropriations not paid to Indians at war with United States None of the appropriations made for the Indian Service shall be paid to any band of Indians or any portion of any band while at war with the United States or with the white citizens of any of the States or Territories

*25 U.S.C. 129 Moneys due Indians holding captives other than Indians with held

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to withhold, from any tribe of Indians who may hold any captives other than Indians, any moneys due them from the United States until said captives shall be surrendered to the lawful authorities of the United States.

*25 U.S.C. 130 Withholding of moneys of goods on account of intoxicating liquors

No annuities, or moneys, or goods, shall be paid or distributed to Indians while they are under the influence of any description of intoxicating liquor, nor while there are good and sufficient reasons leading the officers or agents, whose duty it may be to make such payments or distribution, to believe that there is any species of intoxicating liquor within convenient reach.

*25 U.S.C. 137 Supplies distributed to able-bodied males on condition

For the purpose of inducing Indians to labor and become self-supporting, it is provided that, in distributing the supplies and annuities to the Indians for whom the same are appropriated, the agent distributing the same shall require all able-bodied male Indians between the ages of eighteen and forty-five to perform service upon the reservation, for the benefit of themselves or of the tribe, at a reasonable rate, to be fixed by the agent in charge, and to an amount equal in value to the supplies to be delivered; and the allowances provided for such Indians shall be distributed to them only upon condition of the performance of such labor, under such rules and regulations as the agent may prescribe: Provided, That the Secretary of the Interior may, by written order, except any particular tribe, or portion of tribe, from the operation of this provision where he deems it proper and expedient. 25 U.S.C. 138 Goods withheld from chiefs violating treaty stipulations No delivery of goods or merchandise shall be made to the chiefs of any tribe, by authority of any treaty, if such chiefs have violated the stipulations contained in such treaty upon their part.

*25 U.S.C. 273 Detail of Army officer

The Secretary of the Army shall be authorized to detail an officer of the Army, not above the rank of captain, for special duty with reference to Indian education. 25 U.S.C. 276 Vacant military posts or barracks for schools; detail of Army officers The Secretary of the Army is authorized to set aside, for use in the establishment of normal and industrial training schools for Indian youth from the nomadic tribes having educational treaty claims upon the United States, any vacant posts or barracks, so long as they may not be required for military occupation, and to detail one or more officers of the Army for duty in connection with Indian education, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, at each such school so established: Provided, That moneys appropriated or to be appropriated for general purposes of education among the Indians may be expended, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, for the education of Indian youth at such posts, institutions, and schools as he may consider advantageous, or as Congress from time to time may authorize and provide.

*25 U.S.C. 283 Regulations for withholding rations for nonattendance at schools

The Secretary of the Interior may in his discretion, establish such regulations as will prevent the issuing of rations or the furnishing of subsistence either in money or in kind to the head of any Indian family for or on account of any Indian child or children between the ages of eight and twenty-one years who shall not have attended school during the preceding year in accordance with such regulations. This provision shall not apply to reservations or part of reservations where sufficient school facilities have not been furnished nor until full notice of such regulations shall have been given to the Indians to be affected thereby. The amount and value of subsistence so withheld shall be credited to the tribe or tribes from whom the same is withheld, to be issued and paid when in the judgment of the Secretary of the Interior they shall have fully complied with such regulations. The Secretary of the Interior may in his discretion withhold rations, clothing and other annuities from Indian parents or guardians who refuse or neglect to send and keep their children of proper school age in some school a reasonable portion of the year.

*25 U.S.C. 285 Withholding annuities from Osage Indians for nonattendance at schools

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs is authorized in his discretion to withhold any annuities or other payments due to Osage Indian minors, above six years of age, whose parents fail, neglect, or refuse to place such minors in some established school for a reasonable portion of each year and to keep such children in regular attendance thereof. The Commissioner of Indian Affairs is authorized to make such rules and regulations as may be necessary to put this provision into force and effect.


Chairman Flute commented that removal of these laws in no way takes away from the treaties and treaty rights.

Highlights of first General Council of 2016

Sota photos by John Heminger

By CD Floro

Sota Editor

The first Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate General Council of 2016 was held last Thursday and Friday, June 23 and 24, at the Tribal administration building (TiWakan Tio Tipi), Agency Village, SD. Dakota Nation Drum gave the flag and honoring songs both days. The Woodrow W. Keeble American Legion Post 314 provided the honor guard.

Day one

SWO Tribal Chairman Dave Flute welcomed Oyate, and Danny Seaboy gave the traditional opening prayer.

The Chairman called General Council an opportunity to come and find out about the business of the Tribe, "your business" he said.

"This is your meeting."

He invited people to bring up their questions and concerns but advised, "There might be some emotions that come out in this meeting, but everybody please be respectful. We want to have a good meeting.

He said there would be entertainers during the two days.

One was the SWO Tribe's own well known traditional flutemaker and flutist Bryan Akipa.

Bryan played before the start of Council and during the noon hour.

(Watch for a news release anticipated the first of July concerning a most prestigious national artist's award to be presented to Bryan.)

The Chairman served as moderator throughout the two days of General Council, introducing speakers and facilitating questions from the floor.

SWO Tribal Vice-Chairman Garryl Rousseau Sr. spoke next, calling attention to the written report from his office.

The main item was this was "the first year I can remember we have had a clean audit."

In the independent audit, contact by Eide Bailey CPA firm, there were no findings.

This is remarkable considering a history of many years with lots of findings, which indicate incomplete, missing data, or improper use of funds.

In most recent years, there were 28 findings in fiscal year 2006, 16 the following year.

In FY 2008-2013 the findings varied between 3 and 8.

In FY 2014 there was a single finding.

And, now in the FY 2015 audit, no findings at all.

The Tribe's CFO Greg Benidt gave the report for the Finance Department.

He thanked the staff for their hard work in making sure the paperwork was in order in processing vouchers for the Tribe's many programs.

Representatives of Eide Bailey were on hand to discuss the draft of financial statements "Governmental Programs Department, Sept. 30, 2015, SWO of the Lake Traverse Reservation."

Chairman Flute called for questions from the floor. He encouraged Tribal members to write down their questions, bring them back.

"Everyone is welcome to ask questions or make comments," he said.

One question posed by Jo Abraham concerned a clarification about a specific debt retirement.

It was noted that debt from the old composite materials manufacturing business at Veblen has been retired.

Tim LaBatte spoke out several times during the day.

First topic concerned the 1867 treaty, and how being a land-based, treaty tribe, should affect the BIA buy-back program.

"We need to help our young people find land, build on homesites, on our reservation," he said.

"Make it easier."

Vice-Chairman Rousseau responded, saying that the Tribe and Districts are involved "in going through the process."

He said, "The money (from the BIA) goes right back into purchasing more land."

The Chairman added that an open meeting is set (this) Wednesday, June 29th, at 10:00 a.m. in the training room to discuss homesites.

He said that he has been working with the other Great Plains tribal chairmen on the issue, as well as with Sisseton BIA Superintendent Russell Hawkins.

Next up to the podium was Josh Flute, manager of Dakota Nation Development Corporation, which manages the non-gaming for-profit enterprises of the Tribe.

He began by speaking in general of business development on the Lake Traverse Reservation. And he reported that DNDC is working with the Judicial Committee to develop an economic development ordinance.

The ordinance, he said, "will give us more infrastructure."

He said it will be presented soon in the Districts for input.

Josh also said DNDC will be rolling out business plans for several companies.

Included are Dakota Western Corp., SWO Plastics, SWO Fuel Inc., Agency Village C-Store, and Little Steps Daycare.

He talked about the financial management of both Fuel Inc. and the Agency Village C-Store.

"We are working toward 'good' audits for both Fuel Inc. and the C-Store," he said.

Currently, DNDC is searching for a manager for Fuel Inc.

An idea offered from the floor by Tim LaBatte concerned expanding the Tribe's propane sales.

"Has anyone looked at us doing our own electrical generating?"

"Fuel you don't sell," he suggested, "can generate power for our homes."

Robert Huff, Dakota Western/SWO Plastics Manager, gave his report.

Despite some "slow months," sales have been fairly even, he reported.

Financial statements showed a net profit for FY2015 and that so far in FY2016 the bag factory has been earning a profit.

Of course, the big news from Dakota Nation Development Corporation is the coming of a Tribally owned grocery store.

This is a project talked about off and on for many years, going back into the 80s when the Prairie Market food wholesaler was still in business in Watertown.

Back in that decade, a few food items went on shelves in the former laundromat, former Agency Village Post Office, now Food Pantry building. (The building also housed various Tribal programs over the years, including TERO.)

Josh presented photos of the Dell Rapids Affiliated Foods, which has been "constructed and partnered with the companies we (DNDC) are working with."

The Dell Rapids store is a complete gas station, convenience store, deli, and full line grocery business.

The DNDC Manager said that the Dakota Crossing Grocery will be coming in spring 2017.

There were questions from the floor about what the business will cost.

Josh answered "around 5 million."

The feasibility study was addressed.

He told the Oyate "if we want to be competitive we need to offer all the same items as the existing store."

"We are going to be as competitive as possible."

One critical comment was, "If we can't find a manager for Fuel Inc. how are we going to find a manager for a grocery store?"

Other comments and questions concerned competition from existing and planned new Tribal businesses. This includes a c-store at Waubay in the planning stage by Enemy Swim District.

Another topic was use of Tribal elderly (food) coupons.

Josh said that Dakota Crossing "wouldn't have anything to do with them."

Chairman Flute addressed the original purpose of these coupons.

"Does anybody remember what they were for?" he asked.

"They were for food. Not for per cap, not for clothes, they were for food."

He admitted there has been difficulty with Fuel Inc. and Agency Village C-Store.

But "the biggest concern is not enough jobs on the Reservation."

He stressed that, just as the casinos were built to create jobs, so will the Tribe's grocery store provide jobs.

"We know from studies a grocery store cannot be a profit-making business, but is an opportunity for jobs."

"If we start giving people cards," he said, "that store will fail."

"We want this to work for the people, to have jobs and to be competitive."

It was pointed out that the profit margin on grocery items is very small compared to other types of retail.

"These are good questions," the Chairman said.

There was discussion of mandating elders to use cards exclusively at the Tribe's store.

DNDC For-Profit Division written reports

SWO Non-Gaming For-Profit Businesses: Dakota Western, SWO Plastics, Fuel Inc., Agency Village C-store, and Little Steps Daycare

In July 2015, Tribal Council moved to separate DNDC into two separate entities, Non-Profit and For-Profit. This report represents the annual activities for the For-Profit entities. In October, Tribal Council voted to move the Little Steps Daycare over to DNDC For-Profit to create profitability and realign the business model.


Business Development or Economic Development Authority

Mission statement:

The goal of SWO Economic Development Authority is to provide diverse products and services that create a Self-Sustainable Economy. To reinforce the tribal community by positioning its businesses in the marketplace to sustain long-term profitability.

Vision Statement:

The overall goal for the For-Profit Division or Economic Development Authority, is to generate economic development and improve the quality of life for our Oyate; by making strategic investments, acquisitions, and strategic asset management decisions. Our businesses help in diversifying the tribal economy, through workforce development, tax revenue generation, payroll income, and diverse products and services.

Number of Employees: 2

Josh Flute CEO and Christylee Jensen Admin Assistant

In June 2015, Josh Flute was hired as the CEO of the development corporation, in July 2015, Tribal Council voted to separate the Non-Profit and the For-Profit. From the split there is now Dakota Nation Development Corporation (DNDC) that oversees the tax credit housing and small business revolving loan program or the non-profit part of DNDC. And, the Dakota Nation Development Corporation For-Profit division. The For-Profit division is under reconstruction and is pushing forward to pass the Sisseton-Wahpeton Economic Development Authority Ordinance.

The Economic Development Authority ordinance will create separation of SWO's For-Profit non-gaming businesses to help create self-sustainability while safe-guarding SWO's assets. The Economic Development Authority helps in establishing a solid relationship between tribal politics and business to aid in the economic development and income diversification business of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate. We want to grow with a clear focus on profitability and sustainable economic development.


Mission statement:

We provide quality childcare to local community, ensuring peace of mind that children are safe in a friendly, fun, and educational environment.

Number of Employees: 11

General Manager: Mary Barse.

October of 2015, the daycare was acquired by the For-Profit Division and has been challenged by the limitation of the capacity of the building. Currently, he building the daycare is in is the old child protection office building, located behind the Credit Union. It is not adequate to make a profit, the capacity for the building is only 45 children, the projections to create profitability is closer to 80 children.

The daycare provides a safe place for our future leaders to learn and grow. Little Steps is a licensed child care center, formerly the DNGE daycare. We are looking at moving into the old TERO building or the old elderly center behind the youth cents gym.


Mission statement:

Our goal is to fuel our community by providing propane and fuel to our local households, programs, and businesses.

Number of Employees: 10

Interim General Manager: Josh Flute

Fuel Inc. is an important economic development and revenue generator for our community, providing a way to heat and cool our tribal households. Fuel Inc. offers propane and fuel oil delivery services throughout the year while providing heating, ventilation, and air conditioning services. Another aspect of Fuel Inc. is the fuel transportation service capitalizing on better prices for our gas stations. In total, the company has delivered on average 1 million gallons of propane per year to households and facilities, and over 3,500,000 gallons of fuel and diesel to DNGE gas stations and Agency Village C-store.

In past years the company has not been able to achieve a clean audit. Last year during General Council it was stated that Josh's number one priority would be get Fuel Inc. a clean audit. On June 30 Fuel Inc. staff is hosting the auditors to observe inventory, it is still the number one goal to get Fuel Inc. into a financial standing it has not been in for a very long time. One of the biggest struggles has been to get accurate financial reporting. It is projected that Fuel Inc. will end the fiscal year with a profit.


Mission statement:

The store provides basic and essential staples by offering a local market to the Agency Village community.

Number of Employees: 15

Assistant Manager: Dora Arteaga

Agency Village C-store is the Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate's oldest business as it was originally established in the middle of the 1970s. Although shut down for several years, it is now functioning and operational. The C-store has now become a central location for snacks, gas, and express deli foods in the Agency Village community. The kitchen provides jail meals to the tribal jail, and full menu items for breakfast and lunch. The store provides fuel to tribal programs and the general community. It is open seven days a week from lam - 10pm daily.


Mission statement:

Our mission is to develop, operate, and manage a successful blown film manufacturing organization, while providing meaningful employment and economic development opportunities for the community.

Dakota Western Vision Statement:

We want to maintain a long lasting flow of business while providing meaningful employment. Dakota Western is a pillar of the community and a Small Business Administration success story as we approach 3 decades of business on the Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate lands.

Number of Employees: 30 (Dakota Western)

Number of Employees: 8 (SWO Plastics)

General Manager: Robert Huff

Dakota Western is another long standing pillar in the Agency Village community. Dakota Western manufactures plastic trash bags and can liners and has a diverse range of product capabilities, from Biohazard red medical bags to compostable (biodegradable) trash bags/liners.

April of 2016, Dakota Western successfully paid off long-term debt obligation left behind from the Veblen composite decking business. This debt retirement alleviates Dakota Westerns burden and now allows the company to reinvest its capital to make improvements to the existing equipment and grow its capabilities.

Danny White, Dakota Nation Community Development (DNCD) Manager, came to the podium next.

DNCD is locating public funds and tax revenues to help provide for elderly needs on the Lake Traverse Reservation.


Danny spoke about two projects that are in the planning stage.

The first is an elderly apartment complex to be located on the grounds of the Woodrow W. Keeble Memorial Health Care Center. The location allows easy access both to health care, but also to the planned Dakota Crossings grocery store.

With the apartments themselves, there will be space provided for elders and family members to gather and socialize.

The other project involves new housing for elderly at the Barker Hill housing site.

The Sisseton-Wahpeton Housing Authority is cooperating in the planning.

Danny mentioned that the search is on for a second housing occupancy specialist to help in planning and, once constructed, getting tenants for the new units.

Gilbert Robertson asked about tax credit homes, so that less fortunate Tribal members afford them.

He also talked about planning in past decades.

"Gaming profit would be for business development," he reminded the Oyate.

The Chairman said "You bring up a good subject."

Chairman Flute noted that since coming into office at the District and now Council level, there have been "discrepancies" in budgets and spending.

"I've encouraged Tribal leadership not to micromanage," he said.

"(But) We see denial letters from Districts … and ask, why when they get dollars (from gaming) do they deny people who present their needs?

Districts are advanced to "use it (gaming dollars) wisely, legally."

Gilbert added, "People who are eligible should be provided support."

"Share as much as possible, equitably."

Dave Flute addressed what he considers a difficult topic: eligibility for Tribal enrollment.

"Tribal enrollment (now over 14,000 and climbing) is a concern to some of us on Council," he said.

"We need to be cautious of our Tribal enrollment, blood quantum."

"This (problem) will come to a head if we don't start talking about it."

"Blood quantum" vs. "lineal descendancy."

He talked about limitations of budgets provided for health, housing, and other essential services.

How an exponentially increasing enrollment will dilute services for individuals and families.

During the noon meal, Bryan Akipa played flute.

Following the meal, Tim LaBatte brought several matters to the floor.

He talked about "the old days of belt-tightening and Council serving with stipends."

He suggested going back to a 15-member Tribal Council.

Tim brought up problems with IHS.

The Chairman agreed that "the Tribal Constitution needs to be changed."

He said he supports a re-apportion vote and said "I carried a petition around at one time."

The Tribe needs to talk about changing the Constitution for a number of reasons.

"A lot needs changing," he said.

"But it will take a big meeting like this to talk about the changes."

He told Oyate to watch the Sota for a notice soon about a public forum sometime in the next month.

SWO Tribal Secretary Crystal Owen spoke to the Oyate in the afternoon.

She began by asking everyone to be "mindful" of different opinions. This is compatible with what the Chairman said in opening remarks, asking anyone with ideas, concerns and questions to raise their voices but in a respectful way.

"I can see both sides, criticism (from the outside) and (being part of Tribal) leadership."

Employment opportunity and second chances were main subjects of her talk.

"We give a second chance because we need workers."

"We need to build each other."

"Right now," she said, "we are piecemealing." Not running as efficiently or effectively as possible, she suggested.

"We talk about strengthening the foundation."

And "where we stand today we have many good managers and good employees, however (in many departments in the casinos) there are no employees to work."

"Where are the workers" she asked.

Yet "how many people do you know who can go to work today?"

Dakota Magic has a list, she explained. "If you make a mistake, you cannot be hired back for one to two years."

"We are all related, one way or another," she said. "We have a lot more in common than we have differences."

"Open our minds, be forgiving."

Crystal spoke about the need for "long term goals … we need to know how to get from point A to point B."

She spoke about the previous week's Senate Indian Affairs Committee hearing in Rapid City, which she attended.

A bill was unveiled which "says the IHS must be held accountable."

"We have to come together (in the same way)," she said, "for those solutions instead of tearing each other down."

Crystal cautioned that "it takes time."

But now is the time to "start," she said.

The Tribal Secretary invited the Tribal Elderly Affairs reps to come to the podium.

On behalf of the Tribal Elderly Affairs Committee Mike Greeley and Martha Renville asked for a moment of silence to honor those SWO elders who passed on from this lifetime during the past year.

Martha read the following list of names:


Achterberg, Myrna Loretta

Fayant, Roberta D

Hayes, Elden Sherman

Hopkins, Bernice Lily

Hopper, Henrietta Lois

Kaahanui, Leon Michael

Seaboy Jr., Edward Duane

Seaboy, Orville Edward

Tulowetzke, Cathleen Catherine

Walking Bull Sr., Arnold Roy


(St. John) Isaac, Ambrose Sylvan

Buckanaga, Richard

Cooper, Dons Marie

Demarrias, Constance Selma

Golden, Agnes Mae

Jennen, William Laverne

La Belle, Becky Lou

Moyer, Robert Dean

[Small, Clayton Robert

St. John Jr., Edward Moses

1St John Jr., Elmer Joseph

Wanna, Richard

Williams, Bertha.


Demarrias, Darrel Vine

Newburn, Richard Leroy

Terry, Roger Wendell

Gay, Arlene Avis

Jones, Louise Blanche

Marks, Geraldine Arlene

Red Earth, Irma Goldie

Thompson, Robert Wayne


Barse Sr., Ernest Duane

Greeley, Della Mae

Ironman, Ivan Peter

Max, Edna Melvina


Johnson Sr., Felix Duane

King, Darlene Joyce

White, Carol Ann

Wika Jr., Philip Dwight


Enoch Jr., Dennis Melvin

Grant, Jacqueline Cynthia

Crystal recalled coming together this past year for loved ones, for elders' passing. Times of grieving yes, but also times of opportunity to listen together. To share food. To support each other.

"We are going to have a beautiful grocery store," she said, "and a beautiful place for our elders to live and gather."

"We are going to have a new renovation at Dakota Magic."

The old Tribal headquarters building stood empty for two and a half years, she said.

"Now it's put to use as a homeless center."

Next, she said, "We need a facility for treatment … and we need to find counselors to help with those needs."

The Tribal Secretary talked about changes she would like to see implemented.

One is the wording of the Tribal officials' oath of office.

Crystal wants it changed from representing "Indian" people to representing "Dakota" people.

And she wants SWO members living off the Reservation to have the same right to vote as those who live here.

"Let's open the door," she said, "to having our relatives off the Reservation to vote."

Chairman Flute thanked the Vice-Chairman and Tribal Secretary "for allowing me time tomorrow (to give his report)."

He said he will bring up other matters, including the justice center project.

And he repeated what he had said several times during the first day, "Let us know your concerns."

He advised Oyate to write down "anything you need or want to know."

"Make sure we get your name and contact information."

He said that Tribal leadership will answer the next day, or find the information to provide later.

Throughout the day, KXSW announcer Tom Wilson drew tickets for door prizes.

Before retiring of the colors, Woodrow W. Keeble American Legion Post Commander Delano Renville gave a closing prayer.

Day two

Chairman Dave Flute called the second day's session to order Friday morning.

Kunsi Ione Eagle offered morning prayer, saying a hearty "good morning" and "It's a good day to live."

The Chairman introduced Sisseton BIA Superintendent and former SWST Chairman Russell Hawkins.

Russell gave an update on the BIA loan guarantee program.

It was a repeat from last December's General Council, but when he congratulated Buffalo Lake District on sticking with the process of getting the loan guarantee this time, the project is well on the way to completion.

The BIA loan guarantee is assisting Buffalo Lake in renovating the former Bde Tanka Tioskata roller skating rink into a bowling alley.

Grand opening is expected later this year.

Russell said, "Buffalo Lake District of the SWO is the first in Great Plains to successfully complete the process to receive this BIA economic assistance package.

He called for applause.

The Sisseton BIA Superintendent went on to say the Enemy Swim District was taking similar steps to access the BIA loan guarantee fund, which, he said, has about $200 million in the bank.

Toka Nuwan is studying the feasibility of building a convenience store in Waubay.

Finally, he encouraged other Districts to consider applying.

He repeated the note that this is not an easy process, but that there are funds available for eligible economic development projects.

Russell also called attention to a SWO Tribal member having been elected to the Sisseton School Board last week.

Deb Flute, SWO attorney and now newly elected to a seat on the public school board, was recognized.

Russ also announced that Bryan Akipa has been selected for a national Endowment for the Arts award. Bryan was given applause.

Superintendent Hawkins spoke about the Cobell land buy-back, land consolidation program.

He shared some positive news, saying that the Interior and BIA had approved waiving liens against these lands.

This will "let the tribes spend those moneys anyway they want to."

Liens on the property, and mineral rights, were a sticking point that could have prevented tribes from maximizing use of the lands that are being consolidated.

The SWO Tribe's share in this program has been $3.1 million.

He praised arguments made to the DOI and BIA by both SWO Tribal Chairman Dave Flute and Oglala President John Yellow Bird Steele.

He said they made "compelling presentation based around being treaty tribes."

In more positive news, Russell said the continuing roadblock by local county and state government to tribes putting land into trust is apparently coming to an end.

And this is good news indeed!

Tribes and the BIA have encountered opposition, delays, and court challenges "every step of the way."

In 2012 the tribes won in federal district court, and the state lost.

But the state appealed to the federal court of appeals.

There, federal judges found for the tribes.

Chairman Flute, said the BIA Superintendent, has taken the Tribe's position to the SD Congressional delegates, and has "received assurance that there will no longer be this opposition to our placing land into trust."

Next up was Dakota Nation Gaming Enterprise and the casino properties.

Ron Olson, DNGE CEO, introduced managers and corporate staff. Most were familiar faces, although new to their present position, and one new face entirely.

The CEO introduced Michael Schrader, of the Little River Band of Ottawa, from Michigan, who has just been hired as General Manager of Dakota Magic Casino.

Here is Mr. Schrader's biography, which was handed out in the DNGE report packet:

Michael Schrader was born and raised in Ludington and Hart, Michigan. Michael is a tribal member of the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians located in Manistee, Michigan. He joined and served the U.S. Navy for 8 years.

In 1999, Michael returned to Michigan, where the Ottawa were building their first temporary casino, and became their first Surveillance Technician. During his 6 years at the Little River Casino Resort, Michael held various positions in Surveillance, served on the Gaining Commission, was part of building the new permanent 1400 game resort, and ultimately became the Regulatory Compliance Manager for the property.

In 2005, Michael moved to Oklahoma City and opened a new casino within the Remington Park Racetrack as the Surveillance Manager.

Michael's next position was for the Kiowa Casino, in Devol, Oklahoma. There he was part of yet another construction project and served 5 years as the Director of Security and Facilities, but also held many other leadership roles over the housekeeping, surveillance, valet, EMS, and receiving departments.

Michael then moved on to becoming the General Manager of Running Creek Casino in Upper Lake, California and played a pivotal role in building and opening of that property.

His last position before coming to Dakota Magic was as General Manager for two properties of the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Ojibwa Casino Resort in Baraga, Michigan and Ojibwa Casino Marquette in Marquette, Michigan.

Michael's family currently resides in Devol, Oklahoma, and includes a girl friend of 13 years and two boys who are now 8 and 11.


CEO Ron Olson reported "a very good year" for the Tribe's gaming operations.

He talked about plans for renovations at Dakota Magic. $25 million of a $30 million loan package from Shakopee will be used for the remodel at the North Dakota property; the remaining $5 will go for remodeling Dakota Connection at Sisseton.

He said that "We will start on other projects later this summer," but final plans are completed for Dakota Magic and bid packages begin going out next week.

Ron said revenue is expected to increase with new slot machines.

Other projects that have been done or are underway he considers "relatively minor."

These include new accounting software systems, new carpet.

All of the upgrades, he said, are expected "to increase the revenue stream and provide jobs for members."

He thanked staff, membership, Tribal Council for their support.

Here is the text of his written report:

To our Shareholders:

In 2012, the State of South Dakota negotiated a new gaming compact with the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate. Dakota Nation Gaming Enterprise (DNGE) is continuing to see the benefits of these compact negotiations.

All three properties, this FY 2015 have made record profits from the addition of new slot machines, strong local economy due in part of the Cobell monies paid top the membership and the restructuring of the direct marketing strategies. DNGE will continuously looking forward to keeping the financial momentum going In 2016.

The remodel of Dakota Magic Casino will be a major benefactor in continuing the revenue Increase. DNGE has finished with the final design work this Spring with the help of the architects UA\Worth group. DNGE hired PCL Construction, a construction management company based out Minneapolis Minnesota. Currently, bids have been solicited for the steel and concert work that will begin in August 2016.

We have also met with TERO and will be posting for tribal workers for this project in late July.

On May 12, 2015, financial support from the Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community was approved for a $30 million dollar loan. $25 million of the loan will go towards the Dakota Magic Casino expansion\remodel. The remaining $5 million the loan will be used to begin construction of Dakota Connection Casino. The Dakota Connection project will start when the Dakota Magic remodel Is roughly 75% complete.

These two properties have been operating beyond their capacity levels. The Dakota Magic Casino's slot floor was originally designed for 500 slot machines. Currently, there are over 940 machines occupying the floor. By correcting the various space Issues and Improving the look we are optimistic for an Increase In revenue, to

Other improvements that were made at the DNGE properties include computer system and slot machine upgrades, carpet replacement and new KIOSK redemption/ATM stations, With these upgrades, DNGE will be more efficient, have redundancy backups and will have less down time (excluding aristocrat systems Issues),

These improvements will also help the front line employees provide better customer service and provide a bitter entertainment experience for the customer.

Dakota Nation Gaming Enterprise has welcomed a new General Manager to the team for Dakota Magic Casino. Michael Schrader began his employment on 6/16/2016. Mr. Schrader has provided a brief bio of himself.

In conclusion, DNGE will be continuing to create revenue and lobs for the membership. We would like to thank our staff and management for all their hard work and dedication. It Is greatly appreciated. In addition, we would also like to thank the SWO Tribal membership and SWO Tribal Council for the continued support.


Weston Quinn, DNGE CFO, went through the numbers, which were available to Tribal members in the DNGE handout.

Gross revenue in 2015 matches the highest, which were reported in 2007, 2008, 2012, and 2014.

2015 showed the highest net income of any previous years of operation.

2014 and 2015 were record years for distribution of gaming profits.

Also detailed were distributions to district days, elderly days, TERO incentive, gas discount, liquor tax, tribal sales tax, cigarette tax and SD state tax.

Dakota Connection Report

By LeRoy Quinn Jr.

General Manager

For those of you who don't know me, I am LeRoy Quinn Jr. I have been the General Manager for Dakota Connection since August 2013.

I wish to take this opportunity to thank all the Tribal members who chose to attend this General Council assembly today, it is a great honor to address each and every one of you

Fiscal year 2015 was a profitable year for our revenue generating departments. Dakota Connection currently has one hundred sixty (160) slot machines on Our gaming floor. We previously had only fifty (50) slot machines, by adding the extra slot machines best year a big difference in our bottom line; the total net income for FY 2015 is the best year Dakota Connection has ever had since it opened. Some of the highpoints this year have been

*Received an Unqualified Opinion for FY 2015 from the external auditors MeGladery & Pullen, CPA; from Duluth, Minnesota.

*Purchased $170,484.37 of much needed equipment.

*Completed our upgrades on our gas and diesel tanks by adding more gas and diesel pumps.

*Final preparations for our new Casino to begin construction in 2017

As the General Manager, I have worked closely with all Department Managers and the Marketing Department to host events to bring more revenue to our Casino. Our present Gaming Compact allows us to place more slot machines on our gaming floor, We are planning to add 50 more slot machines to increase our profits. The construction of our new casino will allow a maximum of four hundred (400) slot machines.

Our number of full-time employees is now continuously over 100, which adds benefits, salary expenses and added situations for our payroll and human resource departments to deal with Our C-Store and Restaurant struggle to keep employees employed, this is mainly due to individual personal choices.

We are trying to keep bingo alive, the Bingo Department struggles to reach enough players to be profitable. I fear bingo is on its final session and this is not only our bingo hall; it is struggling in all parts of the country. We need to work on attracting the 18-35 year olds to participate in our bingo activities.

In closing I would like to thank the staff at Dakota. Connection for their outstanding job performances and dedication. It is their hard work and commitment that has made this such a huge financial year for Dakota Connection Bingo and Casino.

Dakota Sioux Casino and Hotel Report

By John Rondell

General Manager

I want to take this opportunity to thank the Tribal membership for attending general council today and listening to my report on fiscal year 2015 and the first 8 months of FY 2016.

DSC&H received an Unqualified Opinion for FY 2015 from external auditors McGladrey & Pullen, A. This is the highest opinion you can receive.

*DSC&H installed 26 more class 3 slot machines in FY 2015 and plan on installing 16 more in FY 2016 in a High Limit. Room. This will bring the total number of slot machines on the gaining floor to 454.

*On April 17, 201 we opened the 14 pad RV Park.

*In May-June 2016 we re-carpeted the gaming floor.

*Currently all 22 department and associate manager positions are held by tribal members. Overall in FY 2015, 55% of the work force at. DSC&H is SWO tribal members while another 5% are members from other tribes.

As you can see on the charts and graphs in the DNGE report the net income at DSC&H has increased substantially the past few years.

In closing 1 would like to thank the staff and management team at DSC&H for their hard work during F.Y. 2015 and F.Y. 2016.

Employee Assistance Program

The Employee Assistance Program was established to provide counseling, referral, and other assistance to employees.

*History - It is important that employees and managers/supervisors understand that EAP's concentrate mainly on personnel issues and job performance and understand it is not a medical program.

*Purpose - It's a mistake for HR to categorize an EAP as an employee benefit. It is a systematic way for managers/supervisors to manage "troubled employees."

*Goals - Implicit within and part of EAP is the development of goals and strategies needed to resolve problems that may be affecting their work performance.

*Standard Operating Proced res (SOP) for EAP are being updated.

*An analysis of terminations due to Urine Analysis (UA's) was compiled for DNGE and summary is attached. 1

Client Case Load:

*EAP continues to receive Managerial referrals on a regular basis.

*Since the start of the Fiscal Year there has been a steady increase of employee self-referrals.

*During an average week EAP has an average of 10 individual employee contacts.

The Developing Productive Employees (DPE) program is also an important aspect of the DNGE EAP.

This program is intended to provide employees that have left employment with DNGE on unfavorable In terms and the goal is to provide those employees with tools they can use to help them regain employment and achieve success with DNGE.

 *In the Fall of 2014 we consolidated the 5-day DPE class to a 2-day class with all the major components of the 5-day course curriculum. The DPE class is currently being taught by Dr. Johnson.

*Since the change, we have had approximately 397 individuals complete the course and ready to apply for employment with DNGE. In comparison to a 28-months period prior to the implementation of the 2-day course, only 206 individuals had completed the DPE class to regain employment.         1

*In comparison, that is a 92.7% increase in the number of DPE participants that have regained their re-hire status with DNGE in a shorter time period (15 month vs. 28 month period).

*The 2-day course also allows the EAP to offer the DPE classes at least two (2) times per month, which in turn has decreased the time it takes the HR Dept.'s with filling open positions.

*Since the expenses of the DPE class are absorbed by DNGE, we have reduced the cost of meals, stipends, and administrative costs while increasing the number of employable individuals.

*We have also been administering a referral survey to the DPE participants and have delineated many of the reasons/factors that employees felt they lost employment with DNGE and has aided the EAP with redirecting resources to address some of these issues (see attached).

Other Meetings and Activities:

*The EAP has also collaborated with other local agencies to assist with aftercare and relapse prevention efforts. These include SWO Drug Court and State of South Dakota Courts and others.

*The SWO Interagency Behavioral Health Team to coordinate resources in the times of crisis for DNGE and the whole community.

*There has also been an in rease of trainings that have been delivered to several individual department's this past ye r (see attached DSC Security Dept. training).

*The number of Orientations that the EAP has been involved with has significantly increased this year and is expected to increase at all three properties.

Future Plans and Direction:

*We are continuing to work on updating the DNGE Personnel Policies and Procedures to stay current with the issues in the gaming industry.

*The goal of unifying trainings across DNGE has been put into motion to begin having a two-day standardized Orientation or all three properties.

*Meetings have been held to begin the planning phase to collaborate with Sisseton Wahpeton College and SWO Education Department to develop and implement a 1-credit course for all

Managers and Supervisors to include all area's necessary to develop and strengthen our leaders to improve our employee engagement.

DNGE Corporate Marketing Report

In 2015, Corporate Marketing's goal is to increase visits, as well as play within those visits. While we have direct mail program that is currently in place, we revised our direct marketing strategies to increase responsiveness.

Dakota Nation Gaming Enterprise Marketing Departments currently use Data Ace which is a proprietary database to segment qualified players. This is where we sent out a new series of newsletters - categorized by target demographics and preferences provided personalized, enticing offers to the casino's guests. What's more important, the data-driven tactics ensured that the casinos spent money according to player worth. With the exception of Dakota Sioux Casino. They created their own database tiers based on other factors.

In addition to the data driven direct mail program, we have implemented a new player's club program. The Dakota Nation Gaming Players Club Reward Program features four tiers - Platinum, Gold, Silver and Bronze-that offer great perks and benefits based on your play. The more points you earn, the higher your status will be. The higher the status, the more benefits and perks you'll receive like complimentary food and event tickets, discounts and priority lines. Best of all, you're in control. The number of points you earn in six months determines your; status and your benefits. It's entirely up to you. And, because it's Dakota Nation, you can earn and redeem your points at all three of our uniquely entertaining cash os. This is one great little card. You can still earn and redeem your rewards at all thre of our exciting casinos - Dakota Magic Casino & Resort, Dakota Sioux Casino 4 Hotel, or Dakota Connection Bingo & Casino. All the points you earn, no matter where you play, add up on your card and count towards your status. Every Dakota Nation Gaming Enterprise Casinos Players Club member, regardless of status, earns gret benefits, including direct mail offers, concert discounts, Birthday Rewards, Free Check Cashing, member promotions and many more based on your play. The higher the sta s for which you qualify, the more perks, benefits and conveniences you'll receive.

Developing this new program and the installation of the new upgrade has been ongoing for the last year has consumed much of our time.

With Technology advancing and the use of Player Tracking Systems, POS systems, Hotel Systems, Kiosks, Cash Systems, Ticketing Systems, CRM, and a variety of other operational systems which ge erate a goldmine of data. It's a big win for DNGE to have a mobile communications prove er that can integrate with these solutions and trigger messages in real time, while the player is in the right state of mind. Influencing player behavior is essential and has been accomplished through these types of integrations. With the uses of email, textin and digital motion media, we are attempting to continue to reach out to a younger customer base, to supplement the present customer bases for continued growth of all facilities.

In addition to the texting, and email communications, the properties continue to utilize Facebook as a form of advertising, promotions and events. Over the last year, the Facebook pages have increased in number of followers and activity on each properties

Facebook is a popular free social networking website that allows the properties to interact with users that have registers with Facebook.

These sites, includes public features such as:

*Marketplace - allows the Casinos to post, read and respond to customers.

*Events - allows the properties to publicize an event, invite guests and track who plans to attend. I

*Pages - allows us to create and promote a public page built around a specific topic.

*Presence technology - allows customers to see what is happening at the properties.

We continued to develop your hometown casino slogan with the communities of Fargo/Moorhead and Watertown, through affiliations with Fargo Force Hockey, Scheel's Arena Concerts and Bluestem Concert Series in the Fargo/Moorhead region.

The greater social citizen we are in these communities, the greater their residents will frequent our facilities.

In closing, we wish to thank the many employees within the Dakota Nation Gaming Enterprises. We feel that our visibility will continue to grow with added marketing efforts in advertising and participation within the "Dakota Nation Gaming Territory."

With Sincere Wishes for Future Success,

Rhonda Greybuffalo-Sederberg, CMO Trainee Dakota Nation Gaming Enterprise.

Crystal Poor Thunder, CMO Trainee Dakota Nation Gaming Enterprise.


There were numerous comments and questions raised from the floor.

Some questioned the whole idea of renovating Dakota Magic, whether or not additional revenue actually accrues from the project and makes the additional debt burden worthwhile.

"We had retired the Shakopee debt," said one. "We would otherwise be debt-free if not for essentially building a large glamorous casino."

"It's going to be a burden (the added debt)."

Comments, some of them, concerned whether or not a new nearby casino project will draw Magic customers away.

A response by Olson was that competition the new neighboring casino is one of the reasons the renovation is necessary – to keep the Tribe's gaming ND operation in the competition.

Ron said, "Thank you. I have heard some of these comments."

"We are seeing where our revenue is coming from. Market studies are ongoing."

He said "We are aware (of the competition) … and yes we are maxed out at number of machines … we run at capacity on weekends."

"Our marketing plans are to drive market through Thursday."

He said the feasibility study was done and presented last year, and Dakota Magic is by far "the biggest revenue generator for the Tribe."

Without updating the property, he warned, "we won't be competitive.

Chairman Flute weighed in.

He said, "Personally, as a Tribal member, I am concerned."

"As Chairman, I am concerned … with this decision that Council has made."

"I am honest. I don't know if this is the right way to go."

"Will we compete? Outdoor pool, café, etc., lots of amenities (the new competing casino) will be providing."

"Some feel that Magic is the place to build. That Dakota Sioux has opportunity. But that Dakota Connection is not in a position to grow."

But, he added, we lack a museum and cultural center.

"We lack a facility to attract people to our Tribe, the Buffalo farm, the pow wow, and more."

"They (tourists) come here, fish the walleye we put in the lakes."

He explained that in visiting with Shakopee's business council they saw no reason we could not change from building at the Magic to developing at Dakota Connection.

Dakota Connection, he reminded the Oyate, was built in the early 1990s but "never allowed to reach its full potential."

The Chairman encouraged Tribal members to discuss all the options in their Disstricts.

He thanked the DNGE officials for doing a "tough job" and being under "scrutiny."

They left the rotunda and went into the SWO training room, where they were available for one-on-one visits with any Oyate with questions.

Before the noon break and lunch, Chairman Flute gave a few remarks.

"Whatever happens," he said, "will take Tribal Council and Tribal members."

He brought up the perennial problem that causes grumbling every year when General Council sessions are called.

The quorum.

Which has not been reached since the early 90s.

According to the Constitution, he noted, there must be between 600-700 members to have a quorum.

"What's the use of having this quorum in the Constitution," he asked.

"Why not base decisions on people who actually vote."

He suggested 20 percent.

"If we changed the Constitution to 20 percent, we could have a quorum (today) with 360 people!"

Of course, changing the Constitution is difficult if there aren't enough registered Tribal voters who turn out for elections.

The Chairman also pointed out there is nothing in the Constitution that limits General Council to twice a year.

Why not call a General Council when it's needed.

"We don't need a big meal and door prizes every time," he added.

He told Oyate that consultants working with the SWO Self-Governance Working Group were coming after lunch.

Attendance was poor at the Self-Governance public forum at the elderly nutrition center, so he was hoping that more people would get an update today.

Chairman Flute clarified that Self-Governance of the Tribe's health care is "still in the planning stage."

The Chairman brought up another subject he has mentioned before – per capita payments rather than the distribution by Districts.

"I'm not making a promise … just saying I am a strong proponent."

Since 2005 serving Lake Traverse District "I've seen how District distribution (have brought) complaints of inequality, unfair sharing…."

He said he is willing to talk with Council, Tribal membership, the District Chairmen's Association (DCA) and discuss how it could implemented.

"Let's try it … see if it happens."

He said these are his "personal thoughts."

He talked about seeing denial letters, members with hardship requests that go without.

"An elder, with daughter and grandchildren all living together … now his lights are going to be turned out."

He said he and other Execs took money out of their pockets to pay.

He called it "very frustrating."

"In my opinion," he said, "per capita would fix part of it (the problem)."

He pointed out that at least no one member could claim another was given higher priority.

Chairman Flute introduced Paul Krueger, Sioux Falls, who was present representing the Make A Wish Foundation of South Dakota.

Dakota Sioux Casino recently raised $13,000 for the Foundation, which grants wishes to children across the state with life-threatening illnesses.

Mr. Krueger said the Foundation wants to make sure that SWO children are included in the search for eligible children.

Dakota Sioux Casino was recognized for their contributions, and veterans Clayton and Alan Ellingson walked through the rotunda carrying a Pendleton blanket for anyone to toss in cash.

After counting the money, there was a total of $426 raised off the floor.

Representatives of Gateway Auto, Pierre, SD were on hand and made a contribution of $406.

This made the total raised for Make A Wish to $832.

Dakota Nation sang a blessing for the food and provided songs during the noon meal.

After the break Chairman Flute introduced Bruce Jones, Acting SD Director of USDA Rural Development.

Bruce is no stranger to the Lake Traverse Reservation, having served many years as USDA Rural Development Regional Director, working out of Aberdeen. He has been instrumental in negotiating many projects with the Tribe, from housing to classrooms at Sisseton Wahpeton College.

Today he was here to talk about opportunities to build a local Tribal member food producer cooperative.

The SWO Tribe and Pine Ridge have been selected at the "highest levels" of the USDA in Washington, DC to participate.

It's a unique local cooperative approach to build on the Tribe's food sovereignty project, which is already underway.

The Tribe has already entered into the first phase, which is a feasibility study.

Crops and markets are being identified, as well as potential for Tribal members to grow the crops – and, in the case of the bee project which also is ongoing, to harvest honey.

The study shows that the highest value added crops are organic, non-GMO produce.

This fits well with so many Oyate who are already protective of the environment.

The next phase is studying markets.

Meeting will be held now through the fall and winter, so that production can begin in earnest with the 2017 growing season.

The SWO 2501 ag program will be an integral part of the process.

While that grant is scheduled to run out, we've learned that it will be renewed.

According to Bruce, "The highest levels of USDA support this initiative."

He hopes the Tribe can attract up to 300 producers to take part.

Representatives of the SWO Self-Governance Working Group came to discuss ongoing planning to determine how the Tribe could assume control over services now administered on the Lake Traverse Reservation by the IHS.

They were Myra M. Munson and Colin Cloud Hampson, both partners in the Sonosky, Chambers, Sachnse, En dreson Y Perry law firm.

Most of their time was spent fielding questions and listening to comments from the floor.

Myra explained that Self-Governance is similar to what the Tribe already is doing with many of its programs under PL-638, the Indian Self-Determination Act.

With Self-Governance of health services, "You have authority to provide for whatever health services you deem necessary for members."

All the IHS budget would flow into the Tribe, whereas under the present system the IHS has administrative control.

Chairman Flute added "When you look at self-governance, you govern yourselves … As set up now we had contract health dollars held over and unused so it was turned over to other service units … under self-governance that cannot happen!"

Under Self-Governance the Tribe could change priority designations to allow more people to use contract health services – restricted now to IHS decisions based on "life and limb" priority one.

It was very moving to hear stories of loss, caregivers, survivors, impacted by policies of denial.

Whether it's the federal government and IHS, or the Tribe, lack of support impacts directly real people's real suffering.

The difference between IHS or Tribal management of health services, according to the consultants, is simply who makes those decisions that can mean life or death.

Whether IHS continues or the Tribe assumes administration of health services, they encourage the Oyate to continue holding the Congressional delegates accountable for treaty and trust responsibility.

This is an obligation," said Myra.

At this point, assurances have been made that the Congressionals are working with the tribes to make the IHS accountable.

The SD delegation is calling for an audit of Great Plains IHS.

But, Myra cautions, there "is no magic."

Whether it's the Tribe or IHS, decisions must be made how the funding will be spent.

It is not unlimited to provide everything for everyone.

The Tribe, she says, does have much more flexibility not only in spending the federal dollars but in collecting third party and Medicare and Medicaid funds.

Of course, it would be good for the tribes of South Dakota if Medicaid expansion happens in the state – something that Governor Daugaard supports as well as Democrats. Republicans, however, are holding out against the prospect.

Myra again said self-governance is not magic but does brining decision making to tribes for their own needs.

There were many questions and comments.

Some were asking about insurance for long-term care

See this week's separate article, one in a series of reports provided by the Self-Governance Working Group to explain what it means to have the Tribe assume control of its own health care services.

Followup to question

During the Self-Governance discussion there was a question from the floor Friday about whether or not the Tribe's PL-638 health program is part of the IHS base.

The answer, from Tribal Health Coordinator Sara DeCoteau is, that no, it is not.

"Together, when the Tribe's 638 contract is added, the total is $25 million."

According to Sara, "The correct amount should be $25 million, of which the Tribe operates $2.6 million currently under Title I of the Indian Self-Determination and Educational Assistance Act. The IHS side of the operation is $22.6 million."

See the accompanying table:

Entity               Total recurring 2016      Purchased and   Percent of Total

                        Base as of April              Referred Care   

                                                            Recurring Base

Sisseton IHS      $22,632.617                 $7,916,164       34.98%

SWO                $2,595,377                   $830,054          31.98%

Totals               $25,227,994.00            $8,746,218       34.68%

How will Purchased and Referred Care Work under Self-Governance?

Submitted by the SWO Self-Governance Working Group

As the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate Tribe continues to advance its Self-Governance planning phase, some community members have asked how the Tribe will operate the "Contract Health Service" or "CHS" program. The "CHS" program, renamed "Purchased/Referred Care" or "PRC" in 2014, is the program that allows Indian Health Service (IHS) and Tribal facilities to purchase services from private health care providers. Indian Health programs purchase services in situations where 1) no IHS or tribal direct care facility exists; 2) the existing facility is incapable of providing required emergency, hospital and/or specialty care; 3) need for services exceeds existing staffing; and/or 4) co-insurance costs for alternate resources (e.g., Medicare, Medicaid, or private insurance).

The PRC Program is a critical part of providing comprehensive health care to American Indians and Alaska Natives across the Country. However, Congress consistently and chronically underfunds the program. A number of factors affect the amount of care the PRC Program is able to pay for, including increasing Tribal population, medical inflation, and limited competitive pricing. In fact, SWO only receives about $1,265 per patient per year for PRC care! Through its lobbying efforts, SWO was successful in increasing funding per user from the FY/2002 level of $383 per person. It may be hard to believe, but SWO is one of the better-funded locations for PRC in the Great Plains Area. Through the support of Congress, SWO officials were able to get an increase from $2.4 million to $8 million in PRC funding as part of the operating cost adjustment that came with the new Health Center, constructed in 2006. Clearly, though, this funding level is not sufficient to serve all of the needs for patients seen in private hospital emergency rooms, hospitalized or referred for specialty care facilities.

In response to underfunding nationwide, IHS created a priority system to serve those with the greatest medical needs first. Most Great Plains Area facilities are restricted to paying for Priority I (life or limb threatening) services only. In addition to the medical priority system, the PRC Program sets forth eligibility requirements to ensure the limited dollars appropriated by Congress are maximized. The Program also requires patients to exhaust all health care resources available to them from private insurance, state health programs, and other federal programs before the PRC program can provide payment.

Most SWO members have experience using the PRC Program, which until recently was able to cover any PRC priority need. However, in the last year the IHS user population: (1) grew into the budget that came with the new Health Center; and (2) non-recurring funds temporarily reprogrammed to other Service Units from the early years of new appropriations for the new Health Center -- when the Sisseton IHS could not spend all of its CHS (now PRC) funds -- was all paid back. As a result, the Sisseton IHS has been restricted for most of FY/2016 to paying for only Priority I care once again.

This all begs the question, how will PRC work if the Tribe takes over the Service Unit? First of all, SWO does not have to assume the PRC Program under Self-Governance, even if the decision is made to take over the entire Service Unit. However, if the Tribe decides to operate the PRC Program it will receive the SAME amount of funds for the PRC program that IHS receives, not more.

The Tribe can improve the Program by redesigning funding from other programs or increasing third party revenue to extend the direct (or inhouse) services provided. For example, if the facility refers patients to a certain type of provider more consistently than another, it may be more cost efficient to contract a provider on a weekly basis to see those patients, rather than pay fees for individual visits. Contracting a provider may create small savings that would allow for additional referrals. SWO could also consider extending hours of operation for urgent care services, thereby preventing patients from incurring bills that IHS cannot pay for visits that are not Priority I. Another cost associated with PRC is the fiscal intermediary, which is a contractor used to submit and collect bills to the Medicare, Medicaid, and Private Insurance. During the planning phase, the Tribe will discuss whether to continue to use the IHS fiscal intermediary, a different fiscal intermediary, or some other method for coordination of benefits and payment of bills. This could also create some cost savings.

Additionally, the Tribe will not be required to utilize the IHS-established medical priority system but will have the flexibility to develop alternative procedures. Some who attended the Self-Governance training held at Dakota Magic in June 2015 will remember a controversial question that was asked: Would the Tribe have to continue to pay PRC bills for treatment of conditions caused by abuse of alcohol and drugs? An example would be trauma and injuries caused in a motor vehicle crash where the injured person was driving under the influence. Theoretically, the Tribe could establish its priority system to exclude such self-inflicted conditions and instead put the priority on prevention. It would be difficult to do so, of course.

Tribes who assume their PRC Program evaluate the fiscal intermediary efficiency and billing practices of the Service Unit to establish new practices that will generate additional revenue for the clinic. They also often conduct outreach and education to encourage Tribal members who are eligible for free or low cost health care coverage to enroll. Health care coverage allows for additional patient referrals and increases revenue for the clinic to reassign and extend services locally.

Under Title I of the Indian Self-Determination and Educational Assistance Act, SWO has already contracted three PRC-funded programs: (1) Dakotah Pride Center Behavioral Health Co-Occurring Disorder Specialty Care Treatment, (2) Reimbursements for Non-Emergency Medical Transportation, and (3) Children's Orthodontics. The services contracted by the Tribe comprise approximately 9.5% of the current PRC budget allocated for SWO. Self-Governance is authorized under Title V of the same Act through which SWO operates its current health programs.

To date, the Tribe has not made any decision regarding adoption of Self-Governance. It is very important that SWO evaluate during the planning phase that is underway whether assumption of the PRC Program is financially viable, as well as if the Tribe can improve the current operation of the Program over time.

From the office of US Rep. Kristi Noem –

What tribal, medical communities are saying about Noem's HEALTTH Act

Washington, DC - June 21, 2016 - Members of the tribal and medical communities weighed in today on Rep. Noem's Helping Ensure Accountability, Leadership, and Transparency in Tribal Healthcare Act (HEALTTH Act), which offers comprehensive reforms to the crisis-stricken Indian Health Service (IHS).


In a resolution recognizing Rep. Noem's HEALTTH Act and her fight for additional IHS funding, among other things, the Tribal Council stated: "The Rosebud Sioux Tribal Council wishes to extend its gratitude, thanks, and support for South Dakota Representative Kristi Noem's continued commitment in improving the Social, Economic, and Health issues for the Rosebud Sioux Tribe and its members."


"The spirit and intent of this legislation is clearly aimed at responding to the call of Tribal leaders, patients and the families of those who have had adverse experiences within the IHS system."


"This bill would be instrumental in improving the quality of health care available to American Indians…"


"The solutions proposed in the HEALTTH Act will help address the fundamental, systemic failures in the Great Plains Area Service Area."


"Sanford Health shares your hope that the HEALTTH Act of 2016 offers meaningful pathways toward enhanced American Indian health care and more efficient utilization of precious health care resources."


"We support your innovative and forward thinking in introducing the HEALTTH Act."


"[W]e believe the changes proposed by you via the [HEALTTH Act] will help address the funding and administrative/structural issues currently crippling Native American health care delivery system."


"The South Dakota Dental Association greatly appreciates your efforts to improve the health of Native Americans…. Your proposals are a step in the right direction."


"This important bill will ensure access to timely, quality care and expand hiring authority for the Indian Health Service."


"[The] loan repayment program has proven to be one of the IHS's best recruitment and retention tools to ensure an adequate health workforce to serve in the many remote IHS locations…. Changing the tax status of the IHS loans to make them tax free [as Noem's bill does] would enable the Service to fill two-thirds or more of the loan repayment requests."

(Editor's note Rep. Noem is responding to recent articles which correctly show her taking part in substantial cuts to the IHS budget in past years – part of the reason for the Great Plains Region IHS has been unable to adequately provide health care for tribal members on our reservations.)

Noem invites tribal members to share IHS experiences online

Constituents can share their stories at

Washington, DC – June 22, 2016 – Rep. Kristi Noem today invited tribal members to share the experiences they've had with the Indian Health Service (IHS) on a new online platform:

"Too many people in Indian Country have sought help at IHS and received third-world healthcare," said Noem. "That's why I'm asking tribal members to help us change the agency together. While I've been able to speak with many as I've traveled across the state, I want to make it even easier for them to share their experiences as patients, IHS employees, or community members with me online. Together, we can make sure IHS is being held accountable for the service being provided."

At, constituents can also learn more about the work being done to correct the problems that plague IHS, including bipartisan legislation Rep. Noem has introduced to address the agency's medical and administrative challenges.

Gov. Daugaard will not call special session to address Medicaid expansion

(Editor's note: This is disappointing news, as Medicaid expansion would have helped all citizens of the state including tribal members.)

Pierre, SD – Gov. Gov. Dennis Daugaard announced last week that he will not call a special session of the South Dakota State Legislature to address the expansion of Medicaid.

"We have a good plan that would increase healthcare access at no additional state cost and guarantee that the federal government won't shift its responsibility to pay for Native American healthcare to the state," said Gov. Daugaard.

"Still, I have heard from legislators that they would like more time to study this plan, and in particular want to wait to consider the issue until after the presidential election. For that reason, I will not be calling a special session to take up this issue."

SWO represented at White House United State of Women Summit

Watch for upcoming SWO Women's Summit on the Lake Traverse Reservation

This month, the White House convened its first historical United State of Women Summit where 5,219 women convened as Nominated Changemakers and Organizational Attendees for the two-day event.

Dustina Gill was selected as a Nominated Changemaker and joined 50 other native women from across the nation for the event. Among those attendees were Sarah EagleHeart, CEO of Native Americans in Philanthropy, Deb Parker, Activist and Democratic National Platform Committee member, Theresa Sheldon, Tulalip Tribes Board member and Joanelle Romero, Actress and CEO of Red Nation Television Network and Red Nation Film Festival.

There were three plenaries that focused on specific issues that were followed by solution seminars where panels shared and discussed solutions and ongoing work in their respective communities.

The first plenary was, Violence Against Women and Health and Wellness, the second plenary was Economic Opportunity and Entrepreneurship and Innovation, with the third being Civic Engagement, Leadership and Visibility.

The first day ended with an armchair conversation, "Trailblazing the Path for the Next Generation of Women" with the First Lady and Oprah Winfrey.

There were 13 solution seminar panel discussions surrounding each topic.

Overall, the first day summit had a total of 61 plenary speakers that spoke of the different issues of each topic. They ranged from survivors of trauma, 11 year old Mikaila Ulmer, Founder and CEO of "Me and the Bees Lemonade," which is a successful business that also is helping save the bees from extinction, Valerie Jarrett, Senior Advisor to the President and Chair of the White House Council on Women and Girls, Actresses, Patricia Arquette, Kerry Washington, Vice-President Joe Biden, Oprah Winfrey, First Lady Michelle Obama and President Obama.

For more information on the solution seminars and speakers go to

The second day is shared more in depth of Dustina's trip highlights.

Dustina shared some highlights of her trip:

Upon arriving I dropped my off my luggage and kinda crashed the National Indigenous Women's Resource Center (NIWRC) meeting, where after I introduced myself I was warmly welcomed by the members. They are a resource we can use at home! So I brought back a lot of material and contact information so we can also be a part of this network for our women and children. The intent of NIWRC was to get on the radar of the many people in attendance because they too can be resources for Indian Country. Native American are shown to be less than 2% of the population however the native American women and children are 27% of the statistics of violence committed against women. We loaded our bags and lugged around materials to hand out for every discussion we had with other participants and speakers. After the meeting I had the opportunity to crash the grand opening event at the National Indian Gaming Association, where an honoring for the late Stanley Crooks, former Chairman of sister tribe, Shakopee was also included. The NIGA building expansion was recently completed and open for business. The building is used not only for business purposes, but also serves as a gathering place if needed for tribal leaders when they are in DC.

Later the AIO Ambassadors met up with friends to catch up and ended up discussing the Democratic National Committee Platform with Deb Parker, Committee member to talk about making sure Native Americans issues are a part of the platform and not just a vote.

Woke up the next morning at 5 am and went to get in line for the Summit. Doors opened at 6:30, and seating was first come first serve and we wanted good spots! After going thru security and registering, we had a plan to secure the front five tables to make sure all 50 of us native women sat together and represented our nations and Indian Country well, knowing how determined a native woman can be, we did just that. Our Hawaiian and Alaska sisters were with us as well because they are not protected under VAWA. They are not considered as a part of "Indian Country" so they are still fighting what we were prior to 2013. I was asked to help sing a Tulalip Women's Warrior song as part of the opening and after a quick lesson I did with tears because as you sing you remember the traumas committed against our women then and now and the work we have yet to do to protect. The song had four specific starts, The Unborn, The Children, The Adult Women and Sisters, The Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women. It was a very heartfelt song that I carry with me now.

There were so many words shared during the summit that I tried to capture and share. They resonated with me on so many levels and can inspire us all as to why we do what we do as community advocates, mothers, grandmothers, teachers, protectors etc.

"We have to give our girls and women a greater voice. Every single solitary thing that a man can do a woman can too. Women know when they are being respected, it is a fact when we free women, we free men too and improve humanity"

"We are the experts of our own experiences. When we invest in girls and women we are much more successful in advancing social policies."

"Rewrite narratives of shame into narratives of power."

"Women rock cradles with their right hand and rock the world with their left."

"Survivor-led initiatives is changing the face of communities because they understand their solutions."

"If we care enough to end it, whatever that may be, then we can end it."

"End it now. It takes every single one of us to do something about it."

"Think creatively and outside the box to address the issues as they need to be."

"Are you empowering your community? How?"

"Tenacity in the face of adversity is a common recipe of success."

"When you educate a woman, you create a nation."

"We must be intentional about changing the way we see ourselves, Get out of the box we put ourselves in"

"There's an existing ideology that is oppressive towards our women, it's a running thread that is dangerous and poses a threat for violence against women. We must empower and invest in our girls."

"We must be deliberate and unafraid."

"If your circumstances are broken, it doesn't mean you are broken, or that we are broken."

"There appears to be a root of a lacking that plays a large part of the dysfunction in this world."

"What would help us stand up inside ourselves and own our own space."

"We need to get to know ourselves first, instead of looking who we are supposed to be, live in a box we think we belong in. We need to have a clear sense of self, some of that comes in different ways, upbringing, family, age etc. and that is what makes it easy to brush off the smack talking because we know who we are."

"If you do not take care of your time, it will be gobbled up. And that takes away from you and your family. Time is precious, organize it well."

"You alone are enough, love yourself because that is the thread of goodness."

"Surround yourself with goodness."

"Not everyone can be famous, but everyone can be great and greatness is determined by your services to others"

"Never be complacent, we can't afford to be ignorant and we have to continue the work."

"We have been socialized to respect fear more than our own need for language and definition and while we wait in silence for the final luxury of fearlessness, the weight of that silence will choke us."

"There is always more work to do."

After the summit we dashed off to the Native American Museum to attend the play, "Sliver of a Moon." The play showed the behind the scenes work that took place to get the Violence Against Womens' Act" (VAWA) passed prior to 2013 and had a lot of historical references of the historical trauma that our ancestors endured in their survival from first contact to now. I hope we can host this play sometime down the road so VAWA, its history and the plight of our people is fully understood and support to implement is continued. Also at the play was Chase Iron Eyes, a ND Congressional Candidate for House, so a lot of us met afterwards to talk campaign strategies and fundraising efforts.

The next day consisted of a plenary and break out meetings of the white house advisors, Department of Justice and sub agencies, and the various U.S. departments that work with women and children.

I wanted to share the following because they give a good insight of how things work at the federal level and also the tools they use for planning and goals. Something we always welcome for our own initiatives.

The role of the white house advisors is to find the different levers within the federal government that can make the federal government work better, but it's not enough because all the stakeholders of the various issues need to be brought in with community meetings to be held across the country and come up with a national strategy and action plan to address those issues. It would be a 4-8 year plan, and other countries do this and are successful, it is something we can and are doing at the federal level but it can always be improved.

What we need for this to happen are cornerstone principals, such as survivor outreach, etc. within and outside the government and enough staff to make it happen.

The following tip sheet was shared with the group to be impactful.

Specificity - be a mechanic. We need to learn how to fix our own problem and stop expecting the government to fix it because their answer may not always be the right answer.

Learning to fix it will result in demanding the right answer.

Look at the agendas and platforms of the government, where do our issues align and under which agenda and platform?

Look at the organizational chart within the particular agency and get to know them.

Incrementalism, like climbing a ladder, change does not happen overnight, but we plant seeds that grow and we have to ask ourselves, how can we do that? What exists that we can use?

Ex-Presidential Proclamations have huge impacts.

Frequency, squeaky wheels get the grease, but you have to know how to squeak, send emails that can be passed along the chain, and finally remember self care as you build yourself and your community.

The challenges of the White House representatives are, because their work is invisible to the public, much of it is reviewing the policies and regulations that need responding to and to be kept abreast of the issues they ask that information is sent to them to they are kept abroad of the on the ground work and issues and to keep alliances at those levels so they stay informed. Strong initiatives have strong alliances.

One strong statement made that needs to continue to being made over and over at every conversation that deals with sovereignty, jurisdiction and treaty rights is, Tribes are governments and not ethnic groups. Each tribal nation will determine what is "best for its people."

The other topics included youth advocacy and the work that is being done in those areas across the nation, and the legislative framework and supreme court decisions regarding domestic violence and the loss and wins of the rights of native people.

Suggestions to address issues surrounding domestic violence was, legislation fix for the jurisdictional maze created by the Supreme Court, fund and recognize tribal courts, reword grants available to indian country, end state taxation so we can fund our own initiatives, allow cultural healing within the systems, recognize that judges are uniquely positioned to make changes in the system, reframe the work of the child welfare and domestic violence because the issues are directly related and not as separate as originally thought.

Finally, look up the Family First Preventative Act. It has not been passed yet and needs support for passage.

Being the last evening we had a large group dinner, and upon finding out that a filibuster on gun laws was happening in the Senate, I tried to get tickets to the Senate Gallery to watch. Our own Senators offices, (Rounds and Thune) were closed, so I couldn't get tickets from them, but Senator Murrays (Washington State) gave us tickets and her staff accompanied us to the gallery where we sat and watched for a couple hours.

Filibusters don't happen often so I am glad we got to witness Senator Chris Murphy (Connecticut) take a stand to address the recent shooting in Orlando, and the shooting in his own state, Sandy Hook and the need to address gun laws.

When we arrived, the Senator had already been standing for 11 hours and various Senators were there in support and also addressing the issues within their own states.

Upon leaving we passed a large rally marching to the capitol in support of addressing the lack of gun laws.

During the summit I kept thinking back to what struggles we endure and overcome and yet struggle with on the Lake Traverse Reservation.

I thought of the many women who are game changers in so many ways and community advocates and realized, we too can do this for ourselves at home. So it is with a happy heart to announce that a SWO Women's Summit will be held on August 16th and 17th on the Lake Traverse Reservation.

A planning committee is still being put together with tentative planning dates so watch for more information.

See you at the SWO Women's Summit!

Oyate gravesites vandalized

Gravesites have been vandalized on the Lake Traverse Reservation in the past week.

Family markers and monuments were toppled, some destroyed, in apparent random, malicious attacks in several cemeteries.

It is very disheartening and stressful for survivors who maintain these sites for their deceased loved ones.

This is not a good preparation for our annual gathering of tiospaye and friends this week.

The same wakan sica behind the vandalism of the Tribal Veteran Service office in downtown Sisseton a week ago is apparent here in damage at the cemeteries.

If, as it is supposed, the damage is being caused by disrespectful young people, then there exists some balance and hope.

At the same time there is the vandalism, there is the Coming of Age ceremony underway. Oyate youth in the ceremony are sharing what is sacred about being Dakota.

Help support the

Arrest is topic during General Council –

SEMCA Drug Task Force arrests man selling meth at Dakota Magic Casino

(Valley News Live) – June 21, 2016 – A Minnesota man is in custody after a months-long investigation, where he was caught selling methamphetamine at the Dakota Magic Casino.

Jessie James Gruettner is a 32-year-old from Browns Valley, Minnesota. He was arrested on June 15 at the Dakota Magic Casino in Hankinson, North Dakota.

Gruettner's arrest was the result of a four-month long investigation involving several area and state agencies, including the Traverse County Sheriff's Office, Minnesota BCA, South Dakota DCI, and SEMCA Drug Task Force.

SEMCA agents say the investigation involved numerous controlled buys where more than 100 grams of methamphetamine was purchased from Gruettner. Agents estimate the street value of the meth to be over $20,000.

Two search warrants were also served on two Browns Valley residences where drug paraphernalia was found. All agencies are still investigating this case.

Gruettner is charged with delivery of a controlled substance and is currently in custody at the Richland County Jail in Wahpeton. His bail is $20,000 cash only or $100,000 with surety.

(The Southeast Multi-County Agency [SEMCA] Drug Task Force is a multi-jurisdictional task force that is responsible for covering four counties – Richland, Ransom and Sargent Counties in North Dakota and Wilkin County in Minnesota.)


During General Council, SWO Tribal Chairman Dave Flute praised Tribal Law Enforcement and Dakota Magic Security officers for assisting in the investigation and arrest in this case.

Wagner Police warn of attempted child abduction

KELO - June 22, 2016 - Wagner Police and Charles Mix County officials are searching for a white van after an attempted child abduction around 9 p.m. on Tuesday.

They believe the suspect is driving a White Dodge Cargo Van with a possible Iowa license plate of EIT861.

The suspect is described as an older white man with short blonde hair and was last seen wearing a blue t-shirt.

As of midnight officials had completed searching within the town. The search continues overnight in neighboring communities including Lake Andes.

Police say if you see the vehicle to contact police immediately.

(Editor's note: This story is from southeastern South Dakota, but it serves as a call for our community to be vigilant and protective of our children.)

Pow Wow Visitors Guide


Welcome to the annual Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate Pow Wow or Wacipi, as it is known in the Dakotah Language. The 149th annual wacipi is being held Friday through Sunday, July 1-3, 2016. Grand entries are at 1:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m. on Friday and Saturday, and at 1:00 p.m. Sunday.

This event is the longest-running annual event in South Dakota and one of the oldest established celebrations throughout the United States.

Open to the public, the annual pow wow is always well attended and draws more foreign tourists than any other event in the Glacial Lakes region. This visitor's guide was developed by the Institute for Dakota Studies, Sisseton Wahpeton College, to assist visitors in the enjoyment of the wacipi - a gathering of the people to celebrate with traditional songs and dances.

Admission is Admission: $5 weekend; 5 and under free; 55 and over free.

This year's gathering features a traditional arbor, constructed eight years ago and recently updated.

A wacipi was originally a spring event held to celebrate the seasonal renewal of life. People would congregate to sing, dance, renew old friendships, and form new ones. Pow wows held a religious significance as an opportunity for families to hold naming and honoring ceremonies. In the Dakota tradition, the celebration was also a prayer to what in Dakota is called Wakan-Tanka, the Great Spirit, the Creator, or Grandfather. The word "pow wow" is traced by some to the Algonquin language and is believed to have been used by non-Indians to mean, in general, a council or meeting.

Today, pow wows are still very much a part of the lives of members of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate and for other American Indians. While some begin as early as March, the "pow wow season" normally runs from June until September (with some notable exceptions, such as the Sisseton-Wahpeton Veterans Day Pow Wow and May graduation pow wows). Pow wows are held every weekend, often at several locations simultaneously during peak periods. Many families pack up and "go on the pow wow circuit," camping out and enjoying the traditional celebrations of singing, dancing, and seeing old friends not since the previous season.

Competitive singing and dancing for prize money is a relatively recent change in the pow wow. In a contest pow wow, prize money is awarded to top point-getters at the culmination on the last day of the pow wow. This year's event is a contest wacipi.

Just as all pow wows have changed somewhat over the years, so has the annual pow wow of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate been changing. Most spiritual ceremonies -- for example, naming ceremonies -- have recently been excluded and are no longer part of many pow wows. But special memorial and honoring ceremonies, and ceremonies for fallen eagle feathers, do continue.

The circle is an important symbol to Dakota people. It is used extensively during wacipi. The dancers come to the center of a circle, the drums and the audience form a circle around them, the concessions form another circle around the gathering. The pow wow brings the circle of Sisseton-Wahpeton people closer to family, friends, and to the Dakota culture.

Grand entry

A pow wow begins with the grand entry. Spectators should always stand and remove caps or hats during grand entry, flag songs, honor songs, and invocation or other prayers. The grand entry itself is likely derived from rodeos and wild west shows; it is the parade of honored persons and dancers which opens each session of pow wow dancing. Dancers demonstrate their style and regalia.

All dancers are requested to take part in the grand entry.

Because of the tradition of honoring akicita, or warriors, veterans are also prominent in most pow wow grand entries, and the Sisseton-Wahpeton pow wow is no exception. Watch for the flags to be carried by veteran honor guard members.

At the head of the procession, the eagle staff is carried into the circle - signaling the opening of the grand entry. It is followed by the American, Canadian, state, and tribal flags.

Title holders from tribal pageants, such as Miss Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate and Junior Miss Princesses, enter next, followed by invited dignitaries and honored guests.

Male dancers then enter with traditional dancers first, then grass dancers and fancy dancers.

Incidentally, the "grass dancers" are a holdover from many years ago. These dancers would come onto the field first, to trample down the tall grass and thus make ready the pow wow grounds for other dancers who would come later. Early in June, local Dakota Oyate, including grass dancers, gathered here at the Tribal ceremonial grounds for a special "blessing ceremony." Prayers were invoked over the grounds, and the grass dancers performed this traditional trampling down of the grass.

Junior boys, then junior girls, follow in the same order as the adults. The last to enter the arbor are the little boys (tiny tots --traditional and fancy dancers), and little girls (tiny tots -- traditional and fancy shawl dancers).

The dancers come clockwise, or sunwise, showing the audience, singers, and other dancers, that they are dressed and ready to dance. They show their outfits or regalia (the term "costume" is believed by many to be derogatory and its use is not appropriate) and their steps, letting people know who they are and what they can do.

When the grand entry song ends, there is a flag song (honoring the American flag) and a victory song (honoring akicita and for all the oyate, the people), then an invocation blessing the gathering. The eagle staff (positioned above the American flag to signify the first nation) is tied to the pole in the center of the arbor or brought to the announcer's stand. The dancing then begins.

Types of songs and the drum

Dakota people create different types of songs for different occasions, such as grand entries, dance categories, and honoring ceremonies. While they differ in tempo, words, and emotion, pow wow songs all follow a similar structure.

There are songs for all occasions, such as honor songs, veterans songs, and war party songs.

Many pre-reservation songs have been put aside in favor of the large number of newly created ones.

Some groups sing only their own songs, others borrow songs and perform their own as well.

The songs are not written, but tape recorded and then learned by both singers and dancers.

Singers are not judged by the sweetness of their voices. In the Northern Plains, the higher parts of the song are sung falsetto and the melody gains energy and rhythm as the voice descends. The sound is produced at the back of an open mouth and throat. The volume and quality of the voice depends largely on well-developed abdominal muscles. Singers are judged on the range, volume, strength, and expressive quality of their voices as well as how they blend with the rest of the group. Women sing an octave higher than the men and sometimes join the men in songs. Women may "trill" at special places in the song to indicate deep emotion such as joy or appreciation of the song.

The drum is an essential ingredient of the pow wow. These sacred instruments come from many sources. Some are handed down in a family, others are donated to a drum group. Older drums are made of deer, elk, horse, or buffalo hides, but contemporary bass drums can be purchased, renovated, and finally blessed, and considered sacred as are the older drums.

The drum is more than a musical instrument. It has its own life. Some drum groups have gone through ceremonies to have their drums blessed and named. The drum is regarded as possessing its own powerful spirit. Gifts are made to the drum, and a drum may have its own sacred medicine pipe.

In some traditions, the drum symbolizes the heartbeat; in others, the powerful medicine of thunder.

The drum is always treated with respect. Nothing is set on a drum, nor does anyone reach across it.

The beat of the drum is like a heartbeat, starting slowly, then beating more quickly as the singers move ahead in the song. The drumsticks connect the singers to the power of the drum as they sing. The drumming is judged by the rhythm of the song.

Usually drum groups are judged only on the songs they sing for the dance specials and on intertribal songs. There are many different kinds of rhythms and drumbeats played as required by the type of contest song. The drumbeats must be in perfect time, each player must be in unison.

People unfamiliar with pow wows should remember that the term "drum" also refers to the drum group itself.

There are many well-known drum groups from the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate. Many play at area and regional pow wows, some have been asked to perform at national events and sites, ranging from California universities to the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C. Among the well-known groups are Grey Fox, Wahpekute, Ridge Runners, Buffalo Lake Singers, Dakota Nation, Iyaptapi (Big Coulee), and the Tiospa Zina Tribal School Drum. Recently, a younger generation of singers has come together to re-form the Old Agency Singers.

Types of dance

To understand and appreciate pow wow dancing, it is helpful to be familiar with the different dance categories. In general, there are separate dance divisions for men, women, juniors, and tiny tots, as well as separate contests for men and women over 50 years of age. For men, there are three different dance competitions: traditional, fancy, and grass dancing.

The men's traditional dance began when war parties would return to the village and "dance out" the story of a battle and when hunters would dance their story of tracking and then capturing prey. The outfit of the traditional dance is more subdued in color than that of other dancers. Frequently decorated with bead and quill work, the circular bustle of eagle feathers represents cycles and unity. The eagle feather spikes on the bustle point upward, representing a channel between the Great Spirit and all things on earth. Traditional dancers are often veterans and carry items which symbolize their status as warriors -- shields, weapons, honor staffs. The traditional dance step is done with the ball of the foot touching the ground on the first beat, and the whole foot on the second beat. Dance movements are patterned after animals and birds as an imitation of tracking or of the animal itself. The men's grass dance originated with the Omaha Tribe, probably in the 1860s. A very popular dance, outfits feature colorful fringe. The basic step of the grass dance involves the ball of one foot being tapped on one beat and placed down flatly with the next. Weight is shifted from foot to foot.

Men's fancy dancing is relatively new. It is more a freestyle dance with fancier footwork, increased speed, acrobatic steps, and varied body movements. Most dancers wear brilliantly colored bustles. Dancers must stop with the music with both feet on the ground. Traditionally, women danced only to certain songs or on special occasions and usually in the background. The women's traditional dance consists basically of remaining stationary and bending the knees with a slight up and down movement of the body. Most women traditional dancers wear or carry a shawl, some carry an eagle or hawk feather fan.

The women's fancy shawl dance is relatively new. Outfits consist of a knee length cloth dress, beaded moccasins with matching leggings, a fancy shawl, and jewelry. Footwork is the chief element of the fancy dance, the style moving toward more movement, especially spinning.

The jingle dress dance had all but died out at one time, but interest has been rekindled and now women from many tribes make and wear them. The jingle dress cannot be mistaken. It is made of cloth and covered with hundreds of metal cones, or jingles. All people, including tourists in the audience, are welcome to dance during a round dance. The round dance is a chance for everyone to dance moving clockwise around the arbor. Street clothes are acceptable, no special regalia is necessary.

Additional information about the men's bustle or "Crow"

James Steele adds the following information concerning the bustle or "crow," as it was originally called: There was no circular piece in the old days but a square. The two feather spikes represent two slain warriors and the quills themselves represent arrows and should be tipped with red horsehair. The two trails of feather represent going and coming, and the name crow comes from the bird because of its keen sense of smell -- especially of dead flesh. Other feathers included in the original crow were magpies, buzzards, and eagles . . . because that was the order they would appear after a battle. The small shells or bells attached to the spikes represented the sound of the battle. Only men with great war honors or feats wore the "crow." The 5 x 5 center piece was made from an entire eagle skin, and other bird skins (crow, magpie) were used as decoration.

Other aspects of the pow wow

There are several interesting aspects of pow wows that should be mentioned. The first is the eagle feather. During an eagle feather ceremony, spectators should stand and remove caps or hats. Picture taking is not permissible at this time. To Dakota people and most American Indians, the eagle feather is sacred. When an eagle feather falls from a dancer's outfit, the pow wow stops and this special ceremony is performed.

In some traditions, a fallen eagle feather is treated as an enemy because the sacred power of the feather can turn against the person who has lost it. The ceremony is necessary to capture the feather, ask forgiveness, and pray over it to restore the feather's power for good. Different tribes have different customs. In some traditions, the eagle feather is looked upon as a protector and its accidental dropping is similar to the American flag touching the ground. Other traditions simply have a veteran pick up the feather and return it after the prayer and the gifting.

During an honor song, spectators should always stand and remove caps or hats. As the name suggests, honor songs are requested at a pow wow to honor a person or people. A family might request an honor song for a returning son or in memory of a deceased relative. Honor songs can be made for almost any occasion. In some traditions, people with a Dakota name have their own songs for use when the person is honored. In other cases, there are "generic" honor songs for people. As already mentioned, veterans are greatly honored by Dakota people. In today's society, they often receive too little attention for their sacrifices. The honor accorded veterans at pow wows takes many visitors by surprise. Veterans are especially well honored by the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, who have several active veterans organizations. Veterans serve as flag bearers and they retrieve dropped eagle feathers. They are honored with many songs.

The respect for veterans is an integral part of Dakota culture. It is a tradition which grew from times when the welfare of a village depended upon the quantity and quality of the fighting men - the akicita. To be a warrior was a man's purpose in life. And the veterans of today are given the same honor and respect as warriors of long ago. In some tribes, bravery is still honored as one of the four virtues --bravery, generosity, wisdom, and fortitude.

Of course, today, women are included as they also serve in the armed forces and several of our Oyate women have been deployed in harm's way.

The giveaway is believed to be universal among American Indians. Unlike societies where one expects to receive gifts for accomplishments, Native American society holds that a person being honored has a giveaway and provides gifts for others. It has been said that the chief of a tribe was always the poorest man in the village, for he looked out for the good of all his people. Charged with their welfare, honored by them, the chief gave away blankets, horses, food, and whatever else the people needed. Today, giveaways by people being honored or in honor of someone else, are common at pow wows. Visitors will also notice a renewed interest in traditional moccasin games. The Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate are involved in intertribal and international efforts to revive these games, and a moccasin tournament is now an integral part of each year's annual wacipi.

"Pow Wows Now and Then" (a poem)


Editor's note: The following poem was written by Jake Thompson on April 10, 1980. Jake writes of the value of this celebration:


The annual coming together of the whole Tribe expresses and deepens the Dakota value of sharing.


Seeing new and old - friends, Indian cars, teepees, eagle feathers, honor, fringed shawls, fancy dance outfits, traditional regalia, contests, eagles, singers, dancers, "snags."


Smelling new and old - cooking, the four winds, sweat, horses, campfires, dogs, smoke, buckskins, "perfume."


Hearing new and old - songs, laughter, bells, eagle bone whistles, jokes, drums, the camp crier, applause, gossip, the announcer, 49's, "I love you."


Touching new and old - drumsticks, respect, giveaways, hospitality, handgames, Mother Earth, drums, tradition, generosity, "her."


 Tasting new and old - corn soup, fry bread, coffee, rations, cold ones, Indian tacos, dust kicked up, commodities, water, "and that goodbye kiss.

Last week's Sisseton School Board election results

The Sisseton Public Schools held its election last Tuesday, January 21st, to fill three seats on its School Board.

Concerned with continuing lack of cooperation between the School Board and Oyate families with children enrolled, three SWO Tribal members ran.

Dr. Sherry Johnson, Deb Flute and Tom Wilson all filed and competed in the election against David Nelson, Jeanne Huber and Jennie Lynn Evenson.

In Tuesday's election, winners were: David Nelson (468 votes), Jennie Lynn Evenson (409) and Deb Flute (283).

Other candidates' tallies: Dr. Johnson (249), Tom Wilson (175) and Jeanne Huber (158).

A total of 1,742 voters turned out to cast ballots.

Here is a graphic showing totals by community.

Bill requiring women to register for the Draft passes Senate

By Hope Hodge Seck – June 16, 2016 – A provision that would require women to register for the military draft alongside men for the first time in American history was included as part of the massive 2017 National Defense Authorization Act that passed the Senate handily on Tuesday with an 85-13 vote.

The language requiring the draft for women was added in committee and received little debate on the Senate floor, but has created a firestorm of controversy on and off Capitol Hill. It comes as the military services welcome women into previously closed ground combat units in keeping with a mandate from Defense Secretary Ash Carter given late last year.

On Feb. 2, a panel of top military leaders including Army Chief of Staff Gen. Mark Milley, Marine Corps Commandant Gen. Robert Neller, and Navy Secretary Ray Mabus all told the Senate Armed Services Committee they supported drafting men and women in light of the changes to combat assignments.

"It is my personal view that based on this lifting of restriction for assigning [job specialties], that every American that is physically qualified should register for the draft," Neller said at the time.

In the House, which previously passed its version of the NDAA, an amendment requiring women to register for the draft passed narrowly with a 32-30 vote, even though its author, California Republican Rep. Duncan Hunter, voted against it.

"I've talked to coffeehouse liberals in San Francisco and conservative families who pray three times a day," Hunter said April 27, as the House Armed Services Committee marked up the bill. "Neither of them want their daughter to be drafted."

The Senate proposal was hotly debated on the floor June 7 by Republicans Ted Cruz, from Texas, and John McCain, from Arizona.

Cruz complained that the provision including women in the draft entered the bill through committee, rather than in public, open debate.

"I'm the father of two daughters. Women can do anything they set their mind to, and I see that each and every day," Cruz said. "The idea that we should forcibly conscript young girls in combat to my mind makes little or no sense. It is at minimum a radical proposition. I could not vote for a bill that did so without public debate."

McCain countered that including women in the draft was a matter of equality.

"Women who I have spoken to in the military overwhelmingly believe that women are not only qualified, but are on the same basis as their male counterparts," McCain said. "Every leader of the United States military seems to have a different opinion from [Cruz], whose military background is not extensive."

Currently, U.S. law requires most male citizens and immigrants between the ages of 18 to 25 to register in the selective service system. The Senate NDAA would require all female citizens and U.S. residents who turn 18 on or after Jan. 1, 2018, to register as well.

Republican Sen. Mike Lee of Utah introduced an amendment that would have removed the draft language from the bill, but it was unsuccessful. Another Republican, Rand Paul of Kentucky, filed an amendment that would have gotten rid of the draft altogether, but it too failed to get traction.

The House and Senate must now reconcile their versions of the NDAA in conference before final passage.

From the White House –

Statement by the Press Secretary on bills signed into law

Washington, DC – June 22, 2016 – Today, the President signed into law:

*H.R. 812, the "Indian Trust Asset Reform Act," which makes revisions to the management by the Department of the Interior of Indian trust assets;

*H.R. 1762, which designates the Department of Veterans Affairs community-based outpatient clinic in The Dalles, Oregon, as the Loren R. Kaufman VA Clinic;

*H.R. 2137, the "Federal Law Enforcement Self-Defense and Protection Act of 2015," which authorizes certain Federal law enforcement officers to continue to carry government-issued firearms during times in which such officers are involuntarily furloughed due to downsizing, reduced funding, lack of work, or lapse in appropriations;

*H.R. 2212, which transfers Federal land in Lassen County, California, into trust status for the benefit of the Susanville Indian Rancheria; and

*S. 2276, the "Protecting our Infrastructure of Pipelines and Enhancing Safety Act of 2016," which reauthorizes various programs of the Transportation Department's (DOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration through FY 2019; requires DOT to develop minimum safety standards for underground natural gas storage facilities; and authorizes DOT to issue emergency orders to impose restrictions on owners and operators of gas or hazardous liquid pipeline facilities.

Tribal Criminal Justice Reform Bill takes major step forward

Will give tribes ability to combat drug trafficking, prosecute crimes against children

Washington, DC – June 23, 2016 – Vice-Chairman Senator Jon Tester today released the following statement after his Tribal Youth and Community Protection Act was unanimously passed by the Senate Indian Affairs Committee:

"It is time to address the growing drug epidemic that is plaguing communities in Indian Country. This bill will restore tribes' ability to arrest and prosecute the folks who bring drugs into their communities or try and harm their children. We are now one step closer to locking up drug dealers, protecting children, and increasing safety in Indian Country."

Tester's bill will reestablish the ability for tribes to arrest and prosecute any offender for drug related crimes, domestic violence against children, and crimes committed against tribal law enforcement officers.

In Montana, the Northern Cheyenne, Blackfeet, and Fort Belknap Tribes have all recently declared states of emergency due to the increase in drug related crimes on their reservations.

Currently, many criminals committing drug offenses or crimes against children in Indian Country can only be arrested and prosecuted by state or federal law enforcement officials due in part to the varying level of authority, proximity, and capacity between state, federal, and tribal law enforcement.

Facts about the Bill

In tribal court, sentences are limited to a maximum of three years per offense, and multiple sentences can be stacked on one another.

If a non-Indian defendant is found guilty, they would serve jail time in a tribal correctional facility that has been approved by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Tribes are also free to enter into agreement with regional detention facilities that could be located off a reservation—in which case the guilty offender would serve time in that facility.

All defendants suspected of drug crimes on tribal lands will have to appear in tribal court. The Tribal Youth and Community Protection Act builds on existing federal law that describes the ties a defendant must have to the tribe for the tribal court to hear a case that is not a drug offense.

Individuals suspected of committing crimes against children will need to have ties like those currently applicable to domestic violence crimes, which include:

• Living on the tribe's lands, or

• Being employed by the tribe, or

• Having a relationship (as defined in federal law) with a tribal member or Native American living on the tribe's lands.

The Tribal Youth and Community Protection Act maintains current federal law, which requires tribal courts to provide constitutional protections to defendants when exercising criminal jurisdiction related to the bill.

• These protections provide a check on controversial or uncertain charges against a suspect/defendant.

• Additionally, if a tribal court issues a controversial decision, a defendant can request that a federal court review the legality of his or her detention. All non-Indian defendants in tribal court will have the same constitutional protections as they would have in federal court, including:

• Right to a speedy and public trial.

• Right to counsel.

• Right to not incriminate oneself.

Supreme Court decision in Dollar General case is victory for Indian country

Indian Law Reesource Center – June 23, 2016 – The United States Supreme Court today released its decision in favor of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians in a 4-4 tie. The decision in Dollar General v. Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians affirms the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals decision, which upheld the Mississippi Band of Choctaw tribal courts' civil jurisdiction. The decision affirms that tribes have inherent civil jurisdiction over non-Indian defendants who sexually assault Native women and children on tribal lands.

"Today's decision reaffirms tribal sovereignty and the inherent civil authority of tribal courts to protect our citizens when non-Indians assault them," said Jana Walker, senior attorney at the Indian Law Resource Center. "This is critical considering that a National Institute of Justice research report issued last month found that more than 4 in 5 Native women have experienced violence in their lifetimes, and more than 1 in 2 have experienced sexual violence." The report revealed that 97% of Native women and 90% of Indian men who experience violence will be victimized by non-Indian perpetrators. "This decision affirms existing law and should put a stop to the sort of spurious claims made in this case that non-Indians can simply walk away from tribal courts when it suits them."

The case arose when the parents of a tribal youth filed a civil suit in tribal court alleging that their child was sexually assaulted twice by a Dollar General store manager. The store is located on tribal lands, and the youth was working there as part of a tribal youth training program. Dollar General sought to avoid any accountability for its employee's actions, arguing that the tribal court should not be permitted to hear the case because it involves a non-Indian defendant. After the Fifth Circuit upheld tribal sovereignty, Dollar General asked the United States Supreme Court to declare that tribes lack civil jurisdiction over non-Indian defendants, even when they are accused of sexually assaulting Native women and children on tribal lands.

"The fact that this decision ended in a tie is important," said Robert T. Coulter, executive director of the Indian Law Resource Center. "It is a reminder that more work is needed to educate lawyers, judges, and lawmakers about tribal sovereignty and the authority of tribal courts."

The Supreme Court is not the only body that has been reviewing this issue and the lack of meaningful access to justice for American Indian and Alaska Native survivors of violence. Earlier this month, the UN Working Group on the issue of discrimination in law and in practice issued a report on its mission to the United States recommending that the United States "[e]mpower Native American tribes to ensure justice in their communities through the exercise of full criminal jurisdiction within their lands." We couldn't agree more.

TransCanada files NAFTA suit demanding more than $15 Billion for Keystone XL rejection

By Michael Brune

EcoWatch – June 25, 2016 – On June 24, foreign oil company TransCanada filed a lawsuit against the U.S. under NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement, arguing that the U.S. rejection of the Keystone XL pipeline violated NAFTA's broad rights for foreign investors by thwarting the company's "expectations." As compensation, TransCanada is demanding more than $15 billion from U.S. taxpayers.

TransCanada's case will be heard in a private tribunal of three lawyers who are not accountable to any domestic legal system, thanks to NAFTA's "investor-state" system, which is also included in the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). The controversial TPP would empower thousands of additional corporations, including major polluters, to follow TransCanada's example and use this private tribunal system to challenge U.S. climate and environmental policies.

TransCanada's Request for Arbitration follows the Notice of Intent to submit a claim to arbitration that it filed on Jan. 6.

TransCanada's attempt to make American taxpayers hand over more than $15 billion because the company's dirty Keystone XL pipeline was rejected shows exactly why NAFTA was wrong and why the even more dangerous and far-reaching Trans-Pacific Partnership must be stopped in its tracks.

The TPP would empower thousands of new firms operating in the U.S, including major polluters, to follow in TransCanada's footsteps and undermine our critical climate safeguards in private trade tribunals. Today, we have a prime example of how polluter-friendly trade deals threaten our efforts to tackle the climate crisis, spotlighting the need for a new model of trade model that supports rather than undermines climate action. We urge our members of Congress to learn from this historic moment and commit to reject the TPP.

Here's more information on the TPP:

Environmental opposition to the TPP is mounting. Earlier in June, more than 450 environmental, landowner, Indigenous rights, and allied organizations sent a letter to Congress warning that pending trade deals like the TPP threaten efforts to keep fossil fuels in the ground.

Read the Sierra Club's report on how the TPP would roughly double the number of corporations that could follow TransCanada's example and challenge U.S. safeguards in private, unaccountable tribunals.

The corporations that would gain this ability include hundreds of foreign-owned fossil fuel firms, such as the U.S. subsidiaries of BHP Billiton, one of the world's largest greenhouse gas emitters and one of the U.S.'s largest foreign investors in fracking and offshore drilling.

The TPP would nearly double the number of foreign fracking firms that could challenge new U.S. fracking restrictions in private tribunals.

The deal also would enable oil and gas corporations with nearly 1 million acres' worth of U.S. offshore drilling leases to use this private tribunal system to try to undermine new restrictions on offshore drilling.

No prior U.S. trade deal has granted such broad rights to corporations with such broad interests in maintaining U.S. fossil fuel dependency.

(Editor's note: Here is what NAFTA is all about, and TPP, giving multi-national corporations power over nations and governments to have their way with whatever environmentally and/or unjust and inequitable projects or sue to collect "damages.")

Blackfeet Tribal Council votes to change government

By The Constitutional Change Committee

Glacier Reporter –June 22, 2016 – The Blackfeet Tribal Business Council has voted to radically change the form of government that has ruled the Blackfeet Nation for 81 years. The new form will eliminate the Tribal Council. A near unanimous vote of 8-1 made history for the Tribe.

In 2008 the Blackfeet people in a referendum vote of 2322 to 400 asked to change their Constitution to provide for reformed government with separation of powers. Political upheaval and infighting has delayed progress and nearly denied the people's wishes. This upheaval and other issues ultimately culminated in a nine-month breakdown in Tribal government that was only fixed by five new Council members being elected in July of 2014.

Through the determination of a citizens committee and hard work and countless hours, a new proposed Constitution was presented to the Council. Procedure requires the Council to review and either accept or reject the proposed change. If approved the Council sends the proposed change to the Secretary of the Interior to prepare it for a Secretarial Election. This election conducted by the Bureau of Indian Affairs allows all Blackfeet members over the age of 18 to vote to approve or disapprove of the change.

The Blackfeet Nation has operated under laws contained in the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act. While the Blackfeet adopted this form of government, many believe it was imposed on the Tribe. What was hailed as " a new deal" for the Tribes was viewed as a "raw deal." It was neither traditional nor effective. It allows for collapse of Tribal governments. Ultimate authority lies with the Tribal Council with the Courts under the Council and then the people. The people had no direct control of the government except through elections every four years. Adverse rulings by Judges could get them fired, and Councils routinely interfered with both the courts and law enforcement.

"I have only worked in this system for less than four years, and quite honestly I am surprised we have lasted this long," stated Harry Barnes, Chairman of the Blackfeet Tribe. "The people elect nine individuals with nine different agendas, and each person can be as autonomous as they wish. While we are all charged with representing the people's best interest, it is just a short leap to self interest. I am proud of what the current Council has been able to accomplish in just two years," continued Barnes.

The new Constitution allows for three distinct branches of government, each elected by the people. The executive branch is made up of a president and vice-president who must run on the same ticket. Their responsibility is spelled out in the Constitution whereby they can be held accountable. They will operate the normal day-to-day business of the Tribe. The Legislative branch will consist of 13 individuals elected by District. The Legislature will be charged with promulgating the Laws of the Nation. No longer will all elections be at-large voting. With the largest voting bloc, Browning could easily elect Council members under the current system. Heart Butte's people will elect their representatives. The third branch is the Judiciary with the Chief Judge elected at large by the people. They will interpret and apply the law separate and apart from the historical interference of the Council.

"With defined responsibilities comes accountability that is lacking in our current structure. I think the committee did an outstanding job," Chairman Barnes explained. "Will the new Constitution guarantee no more shut downs? No, because we are still only human, but it will be very difficult in the future. Nor will immediate passage cure all of our social ills or give everyone a job. But it will move us closer to the goals. The Blackfeet People will have a greater involvement in determining their future, and we will move towards a court system that provides them some hope in justice." We now set to educating the people so they can make an informed vote.

"We, the members of the Blackfeet Constitutional Reform Committee, having reviewed and studied the present Constitution and By-Laws of the Blackfeet Indian Tribe of Montana, reviewed the past efforts at constitutional reform, conducted community meetings throughout the Reservation, held an Opinion Survey Election, held open public meetings and have drafted the proposed Constitution of the Blackfeet Nation.

"This proposed Constitution of the Blackfeet Nation is the product of our collective efforts on behalf of the citizens of the Blackfeet Nation and for all generations of Ampskapi Piikani from this day forward. History teaches that for many years after the adoption of the 1935 Constitution and By-Laws of the Blackfeet Tribe, the Blackfeet People were not satisfied with how government functioned. The content of this proposed new Constitution is rooted in that historic desire for change and in the Referendum Vote of 2008 wherein 2,322 Blackfeet voted for change, which included separation of powers. This document represents the culmination of those years of effort and the vote of the Blackfeet People whose voice spoke loudly and clearly in favor of change."

Editorials –

Sota guest editorial –

Manning: This is a victory for us all

By Sarah Sunshine Manning

Indian Country Today – June 22, 2016 – After 76 years, Watertown High School in Watertown, South Dakota, has officially retired their Native American themed homecoming activities. This has occurred after decades of protest from the local Native American community, and more recent community engagement strategies orchestrated by the Watertown school administration.

In an interview with Watertown radio station KWAT, Watertown High School Superintendent Dr. Lesli Jutting shared the official news that all Native American references would be dropped from the homecoming festivities. The new homecoming activities at Watertown will have a medieval theme.

A Watertown High School homecoming Coronation in 2001. Courtesy Argus Leader. "There were some safety concerns," Jutting told KWAT. When Watertown High School began receiving national scrutiny for their Native American themed homecoming, the school and student body were labeled with blanket generalizations such as "racist."

"Also with the recent research on Native American imagery and the harm that it does to Native American students and all students, I thought it was important that we review (the homecoming tradition)," she said.

Background: Watertown's Native American Themed Homecoming

Watertown High School is the home of the Arrows. The student body is made up of predominantly white students, with much smaller numbers of minority students including Native American students. Because the Arrow imagery of Watertown High School is Native American-themed, Watertown's homecoming activities have also been Native American themed.

For the past 76 years, the homecoming festivities at Watertown High School commenced with a play, where non-Native students dressed in faux "Indian" attire, and acted as two fictitious and warring Native American tribes, the Kione and the Yiwawa. By the end of the play, the two tribes come together in peace, merging as the Ki-Yi tribe.

Throughout the remainder of homecoming week, known as "Ki-Yi Days," the Native American theme is consistent. At the end of homecoming week, a princess and chieftain are selected from a court of faux-buckskin and headband-clad students.

The Ki-Yi concept was created in 1939 by Florence Bruhn, an art teacher at the time, who hoped to promote a lesson on togetherness. Little did she know, that she was also propagating myths about Native Americans with the made-up legend, while also creating space for Native American stereotypes to flourish.

The community of Watertown celebrated Ki-Yi Days for nearly four generations, and many members of the community staunchly defended the Ki-Yi tradition.

Controversy and the 'Savage' Indian Myth

While seemingly innocent in intent, Watertown's Ki-Yi legend perpetuated harmful stereotypes about Native Americans. Among those stereotypes, the romanticized Indian of the past, and the warring savage. The warring savage myth, as seen in the fighting between tribes in the opening of the Ki-Yi legend, is a grossly common stereotype of Native Americans, and has been perpetuated by the dominant society for centuries, distorting history, indirectly and sometimes directly creating hostility toward Native American people today.

To be sure, this "savage Indian" myth was propagated, firstly, by early European settlers, as evidenced in widely respected U.S. documents like the Declaration of Independence, which refers to Native Americans as "merciless Indian savages." This 'savaging' of the Indian, then, naturally trickled down into virtually all elements of American society, serving as pervasive anti-Indian propaganda.

The 'savaging' of the Indian, essentially functioned for centuries like this: portray good, peaceful, and helpful Indians out to be savages, and then white society sees no harm in killing them and taking their lands. Before long, this myth became accepted by society at large, and misrepresented the reality of the Native American experience and the truth of Native Americans as victims of colonization. The truth of the Native American experience became tragically distorted as white America dominated the way in which Native Americans have been depicted.

Watertown Responds to Native American Protests

While there have been intermittent protests throughout the years against Watertown's homecoming festivities and resulting small concessions made by the Watertown School District, such as refraining from using the headdress, it wasn't until the fall of this past academic year that the message was received loud and clear: stereotypical Native American imagery, including Native American-themed plays, activities, and games are disparaging, dehumanizing, they perpetuate stereotypes, and have been empirically proven to cause psychological harm to Native American youth.

In the fall of last year, a petition began circulating widely after Watertown High School posted a photo of white students dressed as "Indians" on their Facebook page during homecoming week. After the Facebook photo received hundreds of shares and enraged comments from Native American people from all throughout the U.S., the photo was taken down, and the Watertown administration began listening more attentively.

Becky Plumage (Assiniboine), a current graduate student at Washington University and resident of South Dakota, created the petition, and immediately received thousands of signatures. In response to the petition and growing national attention, Watertown High School responded swiftly, organizing meetings amongst the school board, with the public, and by taking calculated steps toward change. As of June 14, the Ki-Yi tradition has officially been retired, and the new homecoming theme will roll out in the fall.

Plumage recently declared "Victory" via the platform upon learning of Watertown's homecoming change.

"I am very excited to learn about the changes that have been made to the Watertown High School homecoming traditions," Plumage told ICTMN. "These changes were long overdue, and so I am thankful for the meaningful actions of the Watertown School Board and superintendent."

Progress Comes with Courage and Collaboration

As Native American people, we are constantly confronted by stereotypes and offensive representations of who we are. This disturbingly normal element of our experience can often be discouraging, and even overwhelming. Some Native people have resigned to attitudes of mere acceptance, feeling that it is useless to try and change things. We often grow weary of educating the masses about the reality of who we are.

Yet if there is anything to be learned from the change made at Watertown High School, it is that change is possible, and some folks are in fact willing to listen. Some leaders do respond to Native American concerns with meaningful action. We cannot relent on voicing our concerns, strategically and passionately, on social media and online platforms, in courageous conversations, and with leaders in key positions.

When information was first released to the public that Dr. Lesli Jutting was taking steps to change the Native American themed homecoming, there was, of course, the expected back lash. Backlash against local Native Americans, backlash against some of the Watertown administration and school board, and a roar of support from the white community to keep the tradition. Even still, Jutting held to her word. She acted responsibly and progressively, even though it was an unpopular move in her own community. There is something to be said for this.

Throughout the process to change the Ki-Yi tradition, Jutting maintained careful communication with community stakeholders, with former Ki-Yi royalty, and a handful of Native American liaisons, including William Mendoza (Lakota), Policy Advisor to President Obama on American Indian education. Jutting also reached out to Native Americans from surrounding tribal communities, and in the spring, she invited Mendoza back to the community to give talks to community stakeholders and to the Watertown student body about the harms of stereotypical Native American imagery. There is something to be said for this, too, and much to be learned.

Hopefully, other schools and national organizations might be inspired by the courageous moves made by Superintendent Jutting and the Watertown school board- schools like Red Clay High School in Wilmington, Delaware, home of the Redskins, where they stubbornly defend their disparaging name, citing the controversial Washington Post poll, and schools like Sisseton High School in South Dakota, home of the Redmen, and a similarly disparaging homecoming tradition where white students dress as Indians.

What Watertown High School and Superintendent Jutting have done with their progressive and intrepid change, is they have proven that school traditions and athletic traditions, no matter how beloved, can and should change, especially when they are disparaging to a racial group, and especially when they cause harm. Space is then created, at long last, for Native American communities to tell our own stories and finally represent ourselves, accurately, and honorably.

Sarah Sunshine Manning

Sarah Sunshine Manning Sarah Sunshine Manning (Shoshone-Paiute, Chippewa-Cree) is a mother, educator, activist, and an advocate for youth. Follow her at @SarahSunshineM.

Sota guest editorial –

Wounded Knee, and the bloody history of mass shootings in the US

By Mike Anderson

Rapid City Journal – June 21, 2016 – When Omar Mateen gunned down 49 people in an Orlando night club last week, many news organizations quickly identified it as the worst mass-shooting in United States history.

Many Native Americans quickly noted that claim ignored history. Still acknowledging that the pain inflicted by Mateen on June 12 at the Pulse night club is beyond comprehension, the Natives and other historians pointed out several massacres claimed far more lives.

"I can think of 15 or 20 off the top of my head," said Tim Giago, the publisher of the Native Sun News in Rapid City.

It's important to remember the lives lost, he said.

"It's a very powerful message," Giago said of being forgotten. "Too often in the history of this country, Native Americans weren't even considered to be human beings. They were shot down by the hundreds, like you would shoot an animal."

The Associated Press appears to have aligned itself with Giago's way of thinking. The international news service now describes Orlando as the deadliest shooting in "modern" U.S. history. The AP also published a list of "frontier bloodshed," describing mass shootings dating to 1857.

The list includes the Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890, when U.S. 7th Cavalry soldiers gunned down hundreds of Lakota men, women and children — making it among the worst mass shootings in American history.

Giago and a handful of other Native American leaders in South Dakota have expressed sorrow and frustration that the public appears to have forgotten what happened at Wounded Knee 125 years ago.

"The government came and opened up their guns, and slaughtered 150 to 300 people," said Ruby Gibson, executive director of Freedom Lodge, a Rapid City based nonprofit that specializes in historical trauma. "They stripped them down and piled them in mass graves. And that was that."

In its article, the AP also listed the Mountain Meadows Massacre of 1857, where 120 people traveling on a wagon train to California were shot to death by Mormons as they went through Utah; the Sand Creek Massacre of 1864, where a group of Colorado volunteer soldiers attacked an encampment of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians, killing at least 200 people; and a 1921 white mob attack, burning a prosperous black section of Tulsa, Okla., to the ground. Shooting was widespread. It is estimated that up to 300 people were killed.

"American history," said Chas Jewett, a Native American community activist in Rapid City, "is full of violent atrocities committed by men with guns and other weapons of mass destruction, with fear and hate in their hearts."

Orlando's death toll is the worst by a lone U.S. gunman in the last decade. There were 12 people slain at a movie theater in Aurora, Colo., in 2012. Another 32 were killed in Virginia Tech in 2007. And in 2012, a man gunned down 20 children and six staff members at a school in Newtown, Conn.

'It's painful to be invisible'

Some will say Wounded Knee happened a long time ago, Gibson said, but the memory of the slaughter is still raw, contributing to a framework of historical trauma that lingers and reverberates across generations.

Giago's grandmother was a little girl on the day of the massacre, attending a parochial school 10 miles from Wounded Knee creek.

"She saw the cavalry riding through the school grounds," Giago said. "The students watered and fed their horses."

He remembers listening as a little boy to the stories of Lakota elders on the benches at the Wounded Knee site. Some of them were there that day. Sleep was elusive for those elders, Giago said, because their dreams were haunted by the sounds of children crying.

Collins "C.J." Clifford is the representative of the Wounded Knee district on the Oglala Sioux Tribal Council. All too often, Clifford said, the message sent to Native Americans is to "get over" what happened at Wounded Knee — but that's never the message sent to the victims and survivors of other mass shootings.

Watching news outlets label what happened in Orlando as the worst mass shooting upset many in the Native community, Giago and Gibson said. They feel that all too often the place of Native Americans in U.S. history goes unacknowledged or is erased entirely.

"It's painful to be invisible," Gibson said.

While the value of human life cannot be quantified, it is important to remember Wounded Knee and other massacres in their proper historic context, Giago and Gibson said. Giago noted that at the time of the Wounded Knee massacre, South Dakota was a state, not a lawless frontier wasteland. Gibson also finds it noteworthy that men in the U.S. military carried out the slaughter.

"We have historical amnesia about those events, because a lot of them have been taken out of the history books," Gibson said. "Consequently, we disregard the terrorism of the United States on its own soil."

Education is key if things are to improve, Gibson said. She says a comprehensive awareness is needed about how historical genocidal policies against Native Americans fit into the ongoing saga of gun violence in the United States.

"I think that when news writers start writing about something and start calling it 'the worst,' they need to think about the overall history of America," Giago added. "They need to think about the indigenous people, who were here as the country moved West. We are part of that history, and too often we're excluded from it."

Brief editorial comments from the editor's desk –

On and Off the Lake Traverse Reservation

Welcome to the 149th annual SWO Wacipi this week!

What a great time for relatives and friends to come together and celebrate their roots, Dakota culture, and renew the ties that unite us!

See the annual visitors pow wow guide on page two.


We have coverage of last week's General Council, held Thursday and Friday at the Tribal administration building.

Thanks to everyone who came.

It will take a better turnout to get a quorum, and sometime, someplace, somehow whether at a General Council or for a Reservation-wide election, there must be a way to make changes to the Tribal Constitution.

Read what Chairman Flute had to say about the matter, in our General Council article.


We're not sure that the Oyate understand the value and importance of the groundbreaking, held last Wednesday, for the Tribe's new Veterans Cemetery.

Funding comes from a $3.39 million grant to provide a final resting place for our veterans.

Not only SWO veterans, but others, non-Indians, who meet eligibility requirements.

Thank you to everyone who worked behind the scenes and with the Congressional delegates to help make this happen.


We did not know until late last week, but the SWO Tribal Environmental Codes have been done.

This is something we who've worked with the SWO Mni Wiconi since April of 2015 wanted from day one.

The OEP and Judicial Committee are sponsoring a public forum to allow everyone an opportunity to see what's in the codes, ask questions, and comment.

The forum is this Thursday morning, at 10:00 o'clock, in the Training room at Tribal headquarters.

Please, if possible, come and help take responsibility for the environment.

It should be much more than a catchy phrase – taking responsibility.


Thank you to Dr. Sherry Johnson, Deb Flute, and Tom Wilson for entering your names in Sisseton School Board election last week.

Without Oyate to step forward, as you each have done, how will SWO youth be adequately represented?

Deb, congratulations on your victory!

We will be glad to see you seated on the public school board!

And we hope you get lots of support by Oyate who have children enrolled at Sisseton!


We are waiting, along with the Oyate, on an update from the Reservation Election Board.

There were many letters of intent filed for office and the waiting now is for REB to complete the certification process.

Once certified, the official list of candidates for Tribal Executive and Council positions will be posted.

Watch for the list, and we encourage each and every registered voter to let your conscience and consideration of what is best for everyone among the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, be your guide.


Please read the new Sota policy concerning political advertising.

The rates reflect a greater discount rate for full, half and quarter page advertisements – as much as 70 percent off the commercial rate, depending upon size of the ad.

Full page: $180.

Half page: $100.

Quarter page: $50

Smaller sizes will still be discounted, but will be charged $2.50 per column inch: for example, 2 col. x 10" ad (20 col. inches) would cost $50, the same as a quarter page; another example, 2 col. x 5" ad (10 col. inches) would cost $25.

The policy is a re-statement that all political advertising must be pre-paid. No exceptions.

Advertising copy can be mailed with an accompanying check or money order to: Sota, P.O. Box 5, Wilmot, SD 57279; or placed in the Sota mailbox at Tribal headquarters (no postage required).

If an advertisement is sent electronically, by e-mail or fax, then a check must be mailed to the Sota, either at headquarters or through the postal service.

There can be no exceptions.


Elder's Meditation:

"We are called hollow bones for our people and for anyone else we can help, and we are not supposed to seek power for our personal use and honor." –Fools Crow, LAKOTA

In order for us to use our power well, we must become a hollow bone. We must prepare ourselves to become a channel. Our channel must be clean before we can use our power well. We must be free of resentments, guilt, shame, anger, self pity, and fear. If these things are in us, we cannot be hollow bones. These things block us from our power. The cleaner we are, the more power we move. We must become a hollow bone so the Creator can use us to do what he wants us to do.

My Creator, remove from me today all resentment, anger, fear, guilt and selfishness. Do not let my weaknesses stand in the way of my usefulness to You. Make me a hollow bone so Your power can flow through me.


Words to consider (or, perhaps not!):

I haven't slept for ten days, because that would be too long. Mitch Hedberg (1968 - 2005)

If you pick up a starving dog and make him prosperous, he will not bite you. This is the principal difference between a dog and a man. Mark Twain (1835 - 1910)

I don't know the key to success, but the key to failure is trying to please everybody. Bill Cosby (1937 - )

O, what may man within him hide, though angel on the outward side! William Shakespeare (1564 - 1616), Measure for Measure, Act III, sc. 1

If you cannot convince them, confuse them. Harry S Truman (1884 - 1972)

Everything is funny as long as it is happening to Somebody Else. Will Rogers (1879 - 1935), Illiterate Digest (1924), "Warning to Jokers: lay off the prince"

Ninety percent of the politicians give the other ten percent a bad reputation. Henry Kissinger (1923 - )

Sanity is a madness put to good use. George Santayana (1863 - 1952)


The Sota is always looking for news of the Oyate.

If you have information and/or photos of newsworthy happenings in your family or community, please consider sharing with your Sota staff.

For submission deadlines and other information, see below:

Except for holidays copy to be considered for publication – news, advertising, editorial opinion letters, etc. – is to be submitted to: Sota, P.O. Box 5, Wilmot, SD 57279 by 10:00 a.m. on Thursday. FAX and e-mail submissions will be accepted until 12:00 noon on Friday (with the exception of letters to the editor/open letters to the Oyate, or "opinion" letters, which must be received by 10:00 a.m. Thursday).

If you are writing an opinion letter, please note that it must be signed and the author's name will appear in print. Letters must not contain libel and must be brief, ideally 500 words or less. Letters may be edited for content. Omissions will be identified with periods . . . editor's explanations will be provided in [brackets]. Readers who want access to unedited versions will need to contact the authors.

Earlier receipt of copy is always appreciated. So, if you are aware of a date or message that needs to be publicized or advertised, please let us know about it in advance of the weekly deadline.

The preferred way to submit typed articles and ads, art and photos, is by e-mail.

The editor can be reached at the following e-mail address:

For more information, leave a message on the Sota production office voicemail (605) 938-4452, or send a fax to the 24-hour dedicated line (605) 938-4676.

-- CDF

Obituaries –

Harold Johnson services

Funeral service for Harold Hoyt Johnson, 60 of Watertown, SD was held on Tuesday afternoon, June 21, 2016 at the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate Tribal Community Center, Agency Village with Jr. Heminger and Rev. Clifford Canku officiating.

Drum Group was Moccasin Player, Craig Spider, Wambdi Gill, Jonathan Gill, David Flute, Travis Max, TJ Max, Brian DeCoteau and Alan Shepherd.

Pallbearers were Dion High Eagle, Josh Brown, Kollen Eastman, Tracy Heminger, Jeremy High Eagle, Adam High Eagle, Waylon Brown, Claude Brown Jr., Avery Heminger and Eddie Johnson Jr.

Honorary Pallbearers were Emery White, Grady Renville, Faith (Faya) Lufkins and Andrew Hayes, Floyd Hayes, Joe Hayes, Mackenzie Dally, Stanley Lufkins, Donnie Williams, Virgina Max, Glenisha Miller, Cam Brown, Narcisse Lufkins, Frank & Leri Lee Williams, Mary High Eagle, Gilbert Kohl, DuMarce Family, Hayes Family, Max Family, Elgin Blackthunder Family & All Moccasin Players.

The Cahill Funeral Chapel, Sisseton, SD was in charge of arrangements.

Harold Hoyt Johnson was born September 3, 1955 in Fargo, ND to Jeanette Barker and Ephriam Johnson. Harold resided in Watertown.

He worked various jobs throughout his life.

Harold was a member of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, and a member of Buffalo Lake District.

He enjoyed playing moccasin throughout Indian country. He would stay up all night playing moccasin with family, travel hours to get to a tournament. He always played moccasin with his grandkids.

Harold enjoyed going to Bible Camp which meant he was going to the casinos, in his words he was going to go ching-ching.

He liked making different crafts, as well as his own moccasins and sticks. He was a Washington Red Skins fan. He enjoyed being with his children. Spending time with his grandchildren. He cherished every moment with his family.

He was very generous; he gave you what he had. He had a sense of humor. He did not sugar coat anything, he told you like it was.

Harold entered the Spirit World on June 17, 2016 at the age of 60 in Sioux Falls, SD.

Left to cherish Harold's memory his longtime soul mate Debbie Hathaway of Watertown, SD; three daughters, Lenora Johnson of Peever, SD, Leslie (Tracy) Heminger of Peever, SD and Emily Johnson of Watertown, SD; three brothers, Edmund Johnson Sr. of Webster, SD , Daryl and Jason Lufkins ; and sisters, Sharon (Emery White Jr.) Johnson of Sisseton, SD, Tracey Cooper of Sisseton, SD, Joy (Harvey Renville) Johnson, Julie and Jody Johnson LaBelle and Tammy Redday of Hankinson, ND; and his grandchildren, Andre, Kaleb, Wiiyoyanpa, Avery, Albert Heminger, Bonna, Nate, Belle, Rhea, Sammi Johnson; numerous nieces and nephews.

Harold was preceded in death by one son, Shawn Johnson, his parents, Jeanette Barker and Ephriam Johnson, one niece Calen Johnson; William and Arlene Busk Jr., and all Moccasin players that went before him.

Services for Tracy Renville

Funeral service for Tracy Brock Renville, "Champ" Oheya Wicaste, , 40, of Sisseton, SD was held on Wednesday morning, June 22, 2016 at St. Peter's Catholic Church, Sisseton, SD with Fr. Jerry Ranek, Pastor Milton "Nippy" Owen and Darrel Mireau Officiating.

Drum Group was the Old Agency singers and others.

Those selected to carry Tracy to his final resting place were Emery White (representing Dakota Magic Security Dept.), James Robertson, Jay Renville, Lyndon Haug, Perry Lufkins, Ross Hanson (representing Tracy's graduation class), Shelby Keeble and Todd St. John.

Honorary Pallbearers were Ephriam Red Earth, Kurt Red Earth, Mickey Renville, Jr. Rondell, Patrick Rondell, Stephanie Red Earth, Jordan Rondell, Marcella Haug, Diane Flannery, Amber Adams-Representing Dakota Magic Employees, John Redday, Erick Hill, Verlyn Beaudreau, Garret Renville, Travis Renville, Sonny LaBlanc, Alan Morsette, Todd Kampeska, Kenny Kirk, Bodee Wilson and Loren Thompson.

Wake services were held on Monday and all-night Tuesday at the St. Kateri Tekakwitha Hall, Sisseton, SD.

Interment is in St. Matthew's Catholic Church Cemetery, Veblen, SD.

The Cahill Funeral Chapel, Sisseton, SD is in charge of funeral arrangements.

On Saturday June 18, 2016, my son lost his battle; his body was just too tired to heal. When Tracy died a part of me also died.

Tracy's uncle Ephriam shared a story with us while we were at Sanford Hospital: When Tracy was about 5-years old, his Grandpa Ephriam Sr. passed away. At such a young age Tracy didn't understand death. When Tracy asked his uncle, "When can I see grandpa?" Tracy was told, "When you die you will see grandpa again."

Tracy is with his mother Rose Red Earth-Renville and he gets to see his Grandpa Ephriam and Grandma Gusty.

Tracy had so many friends; he valued and treasured your friendship. The laughter, good times and bad times you shared with my son these past years is greatly appreciated.

I thank everyone for the prayers, visits, handshakes, hugs and most importantly, the friendship you gave my son. Remember Tracy with fond memories.

Tracy is survived by his son Patrick, 21, and 1 granddaughter and 1 grandson; special friend Kateri DuMarce; father Doug Renville and paternal grandmother Alma Renville.

Kind Regards,

Douglas Renville.

For Tracy's obituary and online registry please visit

Thank You

From Doug Renville

I would like to thank everyone that helped with Tracy's funeral; from planning to attending to sharing a meal. The handshakes and hugs and the knowledge that Tracy had so many friends that loved and cared about him is comforting.  It also means a lot that the Security Department at Dakota Magic was able to attend the funeral and honor him by wearing their uniforms.  Tracy was born on October 10, 1975 and left us on June 18, 2016.  I wanted to share what Simon Keeble, Tracy's boss, wrote: 

"Been thinking a lot the past few days about my soldier and good friend Tracy Renville. Yesterday evening the reality set in as I seen him laying in his casket. To see someone as strong willed as he was, lose a hard fought battle in the hospital was hard to accept. I spent the most part of the services just thinking about the good times with Champ. As big and strong as he was he was also compassionate and would lend his ear to those who needed to vent and would just sit and listen to those who just needed someone to talk to. He was also stern disciplinarian when needed but then went back to his old chipper self after he made his point. He would always make sure that everyone was good to go and he put others before himself. After everything/everyone was squared away only then wold he take some time for himself. He valued the friendship he had with everyone.

He would always talk about his dad. He would say "gonna be a couple minutes late, I'm gonna check on my dad." or he would make it a point to take time out of his day to eat supper with his dad whenever Doug was on property. Always looked out for him and made sure his dad was at his appointments that were out of town.

It's hard to realize that one of my best was not going to be coming in for shift anymore and that one of my strongest pillars of the department is no more. When he and his swing crew would show up for shift he would always say "Call em back, the Varsity is here..."

He would always call me and say "Cap! Everything is in order, floor is quiet, Officers are squared away and the property is good to go - Ok to E.O. (Early Out)?" I trusted Tracy and his judgement so I would grant him his "E.O."

As I was driving last night trying to clear my head and my thoughts I realized that maybe when he came back around and woke up in the hospital it was maybe to make sure that everyone was ok and that everything was in order and to make sure his family and friends were gonna be ok before he left us. To make sure that it was ok to "Early Out"...

Rest In Peace Bro.

1 Frank - Lt. Tracy B. Renville is 10-7 "E.O." (Early Out).

Notice of editorial policy

(Editor's note: The following comes from the editor's column and the Sota "deadlines and policies" statement published weekly in the Sota.)

Copy to be considered for publication – news, advertising, editorial opinion letters, etc. – are to be submitted to: Sota, P.O. Box 5, Wilmot, SD 57279 by 10:00 a.m. on Thursday. FAX and e-mail submissions will be accepted until 12:00 noon on Friday (with the exception of letters to the editor/Open letter to the Oyate, or "opinion" letters, which must be received no later than 10:00 a.m. Thursday).

If you are writing an opinion letter, please note that it must be signed and the author's name will appear in print. Letters must not contain libel or offensive language and must be brief, 500 words or less. Letters may be edited for content. Omissions will be identified with periods . . . editor's explanations will be provided in [brackets]. Readers who want access to unedited versions will need to contact the authors.

Open letter to the Oyate

I read the Tribal Chairman's letter in June 22 Sota.

I wonder why he distinguishes between Dakota and tribal members to try and get a quorum. Some are just members and others are Dakota.

White people without any native blood at all can speak Dakota. Not very many people like that but there are. Those people are not Dakota.

Those underlying tones bother me because I know I am Dakota but not fluent enough to speak. But I'm learning.

Lisa LaBelle.

Open letter to the Oyate

To all non-prejudiced Whites:

The sensible White people who hate the KKK and the White Devil Trump will vote for the Libertarian party for president or will vote for Hillary Clinton.

If not, you're still a prejudiced evil White Devil.

I would also like a wall between Canada and the US to keep out all the white evil KKK Devils from Canada.

You White Devils brought over Blacks as slaves, now you say all Blacks go back to Africa. Well as an American skin I say all you Evil White KKK Devils go back to Europe.

My opinion.

Laarry Nerison, Oyate, Sisseton, SD.

Prose by Elijah Hard Heart

"One Voice"

By Elijah Hard Heart

They call be Lil-e and am forever E-ternal from the penitentiary to the streetz. I rep the SWO camp full of felonies, stroll with me and see what those white folks are telling me, selling me false change, and when shyt goes wrong we to blame locked up in shackle and chains. Lames pretending to understand a mother's pain, what you know about finding your oldest son hanging from a rope? It's hard to cope on a rez with false hope. Our culture is dying but it ain't dead. Put the dope down and listen to what this chief once said.

"All life is sacred. We come into life as sacred beings, when we abuse sacredness of life, we affect all creation."

We're facing a new war, no longer can we as native people ignore the knock of our youth and loved ones at the door. Open and listen we're all missing that special person in our lives, who died too young or without a proper goodbye. So look to the sky and find your voice you no longer gotta hide behind alcohol or that meth high, be proud to rep this native pride. It's okay to cry, just know you're not alone. There's a thousand stories like ours in the … all it takes is one voice to spark a flame to this fire.


"Happy Father's Day"

By Elijah Hard Heart

Dear Dad it makes me sad to have never known you. So I ask why do I mourn you? I guess without you I wouldn't be blessed with this crazy mess up life I possess. I now have two angels in my life, with a beautiful native wife and each is a test. Without knowledge fro you but am doing my best to raise these two in the wild Midwest.

Dad rest in peace. I still think of you around this time. And know I'll find my way into fatherhood.

May you forever shine upon me even when am not doing so good.

I don't think I could ever walk in your footsteps nor do I wanna take that chance of dying an early death.

So alcohol is dead to me.

Dad, thank you for creating me. Wish we coulda met. but maybe in another life.

So on behalf of me and my wife and kids.

Happy Father's Day.


It was hard to be strong when we had to wipe away the tears from our daughter's eyes when her best friend committed suicide.

All we could say is she's in a much better place.

Please embrace your loved ones close and try and listen because we don't always know what our kids are facing.

Stand up against bullying!

Unity and Fellowship

By Rep. Kristi Noem

June 24, 2016

I recently had the opportunity to visit the Gettysburg battlefield and the cemetery where President Lincoln delivered his famous address. Today, scattered throughout the hills that made up the fighting plain are statues, markers, and memorials dedicated to those who fought. Toward the middle of the battlefield stands the Eternal Light Peace Memorial with the inscription: "an enduring light to guide us in unity and fellowship."

Even after I left Gettysburg that day, those words stayed with me. The founding principles that created unity and fellowship during the American Revolution were being put to the ultimate test during the Civil War, and it was uncertain whether a nation founded on the idea of liberty could long endure. At the time, we were not only divided as countrymen, we were divided as families and communities – brothers fighting brothers, neighbors fighting neighbors.

Of course, we know now that this nation conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal did endure – and not only did we endure, but we have prospered. That prosperity is a testament to the American people and the principles we share – principles first written in the Declaration of Independence: "that we are endowed by our Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." It is these values we celebrate each Fourth of July.

Earlier this year, I had the opportunity to travel to the Middle East. During a meeting with the Egyptian Parliament, we received a number of questions about where America stood and what we stood for. It was deeply concerning to me that our allies were uncertain about this. We told them we were on the side of democracy. We believe our rights are God-given, not government-given, and that's why we support free elections. The conversation underscored why it is so critical to have leaders and a general public who understand our history and the principles we've proclaimed for the last 240 years.

The Battle of Gettysburg drew to a close just hours before Independence Day 1863. Four months later, President Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address on the battlefield, dedicating a national cemetery to those who "gave their lives that [this] nation might live." I would note that not only did these men give their lives so that our nation might live; they, and many since, gave their lives so that the promise of freedom, democracy, and liberty may endure as well.

As we celebrate our independence, I hope you take a moment to thank those who have fought to defend our values and reflect on the fact that these principles still serve as an enduring light to guide America in unity and fellowship. Have a happy and safe Independence Day.

Houdek re-elected to lead SDN Communications

June 21, 2016 – The independent telephone companies of South Dakota re-elected Venture Communications General Manager Randy Houdek to serve a one-year term on SDN Communications' Board of Managers as secretary/treasurer during its recent annual meeting.

SDN is owned by 17 member telephone companies - the cooperative, municipal, tribal and family-owned telephone companies in South Dakota. Together, SDN and its owner companies operate a 30,000 mile fiber optic network reaching into eight states. SDN is a business-to-business telecommunications company providing:

*Broadband connectivity among office locations

*Business-class internet services

*Managed routers, firewalls and remote network monitoring

*Networking equipment

SDN specializes in serving banks, health care, agricultural businesses, government and education.

SDN is governed by nine board members, who are elected annually by the general managers of the 17 owner companies. The entire board includes:

1.  Mark Benton, Midstate Communications, Kimball, SD

2.  Rod Bowar, Kennebec Telephone Company, Kennebec, SD

3.  Jerry Heiberger, ITC, Clear Lake, SD

4.  Randy Houdek, Venture Communications Cooperative, Highmore, SD

5.  Dennis Law, Golden West Telecommunications Cooperative, Wall, SD

6.  Steve Meyer, Swiftel Communications, Brookings, SD

7.  Bryan Roth, TrioTel Communications, Salem, SD

8.  Ryan Thompson, Santel Communications Cooperative, Woonsocket, SD

9.  Ross Petrick, Alliance Communications Cooperative, Garretson, SD

SWO hosts blood drive

The blood drive held at Agency Village, SD on May 31st was successful.

According to Fern Elofson, Donor Recruitment Representative at United Blood Services, "The SWO had a good turnout. Out of 24 people who volunteered to donate, 18 were able to give. Four people gave blood on the automated 2RBC machine which collects two units of red blood cells during the donation, so a total of 22 products were collected. There were four people who volunteered for their first time!"

Gypsy Wanna, SWO Health Education Coordinator, coordinated the drive. Space to hold the drive was provided at Tribal administration building.

The availability of blood is dependent on the success of blood drive held in many communities. The citizens of the Oyate area can be assured that their community is a good example of a well-run blood program.

On behalf of the patients who benefited, United Blood Services appreciates all the thoughtful people who volunteered to help others by giving of themselves.

Blood is for sharing; you have truly given the "Gift of Life."

From the SD Dept. of Health –

New 6th grade vaccination requirement

South Dakota Department of Health administrative rules now require both the Tdap (Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis) and MCV4 (Meningococcal ACYW) vaccines for 6th grade students beginning with the 2016-17 school year. Vaccine requirements for kindergarten entry have been in place for many years but this will be the first such requirement for middle school entry in South Dakota.

The change is a direct result of Senate Bill 28, which was passed by the 2016 South Dakota Legislature and signed into law by Gov. Daugaard. SB 28 adds meningococcal infection to the list of diseases specified in South Dakota Codified Law 13-28-7.1 for which DOH can require vaccination for school entry in South Dakota.

With the change, school entry requirements for South Dakota 6th grade students include:

One dose of Tdap vaccine (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis)

One dose of MCV4 vaccine (meningococcal ACYW)

The requirements apply only for 6th grade entry and transfer students 6th–12th grade

If a child is 10 years old when entering the 6th grade they have 45 days after their 11th birthday to be vaccinated.

The DOH utilizes the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to determine which vaccines are necessary.


While only Tdap and MCV4 are being added as middle school requirements, parents are encouraged to talk with their provider about immunizing their child with other recommended vaccines. Additionally the ACIP also recommends that adolescents receive a second dose of MCV4 at age 16. Check this schedule from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for a complete listing of recommended immunizations.

(Editor's note: Ingredients of these vaccines are well kept secrets [as are ingredients in hydraulic fracking fluids], but in both Tdap and MCV4 vaccines are Formaldehyde [embalming fluid] or Formalin. In Tdap are aluminum hydroxide, glutaraldehyde, phenoxyethanol, polysorbate and and more. Ask your health professional who is likely supporting the vaccination policies and they are likely unaware of what's in these concoctions. They will provide a simplified list of potential adverse reactions and what drugs should not be taken with the vaccinations.)

If Your Doctor Insists That Vaccines Are Safe, Then Have Them Sign This Form – Dr. Dave Mihalovic

By Dane Arr

vacine_poison123 – June 17, 2016 – The average person that consents to a vaccine injection, either for themselves or for their children, genuinely believes it is for the betterment of health. What they are not aware of is that even their doctor is likely unfamiliar with the toxic ingredients contained in vaccines which can immediately begin to degrade both short- and long-term health. If your doctor insists that vaccines are safe, then they should have absolutely no problem in signing this form so that you may archive it for your own records on the event of an adverse reaction.

The reality of vaccines is that they are a far greater risk to human health than benefit and always have been. In fact, two centuries of official death statistics show conclusively and scientifically that modern medicine is not responsible for and played little part in substantially improving life expectancy and survival from diseases in developed nations.

In North America, Europe, and the South Pacific, major declines in life-threatening infectious diseases occurred historically either without, or far in advance vaccination efforts for specific diseases.

Whenever I personally inform medical doctors of these realities, many of them are quite shocked with the data. That's not surprising considering the fact that medical students are still brainwashed that vaccines immunize which is a myth in itself, since natural or "real" immunity can never be artificially induced by a vaccine.

Other misinformed educators also still rely on the myth of herd immunity which is nothing short of medical fraud. It is a shame and embarrassment that brilliant students are deceptively led down the path of ignorance every single year at prestigious medical institutions in the hopes of obtaining an education. These students then become the physicians of a good percentage of the population.

One of the problems we have in a society filled with misinformation about health, is that people sit on the fence. They want to conform to the societal norms ingrained in our minds about conventional medicine, but they also want to stand up for their beliefs and conscience. These fence sitters are made up of those who understand that current vaccination practices are unsafe, yet somehow also believe you can make vaccines safer or more effective. That is where we have to shift the opinions of those who are on the fence and have them fall off on the side of natural health rather than conventional medicine. See my article When It Comes to Vaccines, Don't Sit On The Fence!

I have previously written that if your doctor cannot answer these 4 questions, don't vaccinate. Well, if your doctor does make an attempt to answer these questions and a verbal response and statement is not satisfactory for your own peace of mind, then your doctor should be at least willing to provide you with his or her personal declaration of the safety and efficacy of the vaccines he or she (or attending physician or nurse) is about to inject in your or your child's body. Effectively, this becomes your doctor's warranty that the risk factors he or she has identified justify the recommended vaccinations with the benefits exceeding the risks.

Physician's Warranty of Vaccine Safety Form

The following form was adapted from Ken Anderson's original. Perhaps you can find a physician that will sign it because I have no record of that ever happening:


(Physician's name, degree)_______________, _____ am a physician licensed to practice medicine in the State/Province of _________. My State/Provincial license number is ___________ , and my DEA number is ____________. My medical specialty is _______________I have a thorough understanding of the risks and benefits of all the medications that I prescribe for or administer to my patients. In the case of (Patient's name) ______________ , age _____ , whom I have examined, I find that certain risk factors exist that justify the recommended vaccinations. The following is a list of said risk factors and the vaccinations that will protect against them:

Risk Factor __________________________

Vaccination __________________________

Risk Factor __________________________

Vaccination __________________________

Risk Factor __________________________

Vaccination __________________________I am aware that vaccines may contain many of the following chemicals, excipients, preservatives and fillers:* aluminum hydroxide

* aluminum phosphate

* ammonium sulfate

* amphotericin B

* animal tissues: pig blood, horse blood, rabbit brain,

* arginine hydrochloride

* dog kidney, monkey kidney,

* dibasic potassium phosphate

* chick embryo, chicken egg, duck egg

* calf (bovine) serum

* betapropiolactone

* fetal bovine serum

* formaldehyde

* formalin

* gelatin

* gentamicin sulfate

* glycerol

* human diploid cells (originating from human aborted fetal tissue)

* hydrocortisone

* hydrolized gelatin

* mercury thimerosol (thimerosal, Merthiolate(r))

* monosodium glutamate (MSG)

* monobasic potassium phosphate

* neomycin

* neomycin sulfate

* nonylphenol ethoxylate

* octylphenol ethoxylate

* octoxynol 10

* phenol red indicator

* phenoxyethanol (antifreeze)

* potassium chloride

* potassium diphosphate

* potassium monophosphate

* polymyxin B

* polysorbate 20

* polysorbate 80

* porcine (pig) pancreatic hydrolysate of casein

* residual MRC5 proteins

* sodium deoxycholate

* sorbitol

* thimerosal

* tri(n)butylphosphate,

* VERO cells, a continuous line of monkey kidney cells, and

* washed sheep red bloodand, hereby, warrant that these ingredients are safe for injection into the body of my patient. I have researched reports to the contrary, such as reports that mercury thimerosal causes severe neurological and immunological damage, and find that they are not credible.

I am aware that some vaccines have been found to have been contaminated with Simian Virus 40 (SV 40) and that SV 40 is causally linked by some researchers to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and mesotheliomas in humans as well as in experimental animals. I hereby warrant that the vaccines I employ in my practice do not contain SV 40 or any other live viruses. (Alternately, I hereby warrant that said SV-40 virus or other viruses pose no substantive risk to my patient.)

I hereby warrant that the vaccines I am recommending for the care of (Patient's name) _______________ do not contain any tissue from aborted human babies (also known as "fetuses").

In order to protect my patient's well being, I have taken the following steps to guarantee that the vaccines I will use will contain no damaging contaminants.

STEPS TAKEN: _________________________




I have personally investigated the reports made to the VAERS (Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System) and state that it is my professional opinion that the vaccines I am recommending are safe for administration to a child under the age of 5 years.

The basis for my opinion is itemized on Exhibit A, attached hereto, — "Physician's Basis for Professional Opinion of Vaccine Safety." (Please itemize each recommended vaccine separately along with the basis for arriving at the conclusion that the vaccine is safe for administration to a child under the age of 5 years.)

The professional journal articles I have relied upon in the issuance of this Physician's Warranty of Vaccine Safety are itemized on Exhibit B , attached hereto, — "Scientific Articles in Support of Physician's Warranty of Vaccine Safety."

The professional journal articles that I have read which contain opinions adverse to my opinion are itemized on Exhibit C, attached hereto, — "Scientific Articles Contrary to Physician's Opinion of Vaccine Safety"

The reasons for my determining that the articles in Exhibit C were invalid are delineated in Attachment D , attached hereto, — "Physician's Reasons for Determining the Invalidity of Adverse Scientific Opinions."

Hepatitis B

I understand that 60 percent of patients who are vaccinated for Hepatitis B will lose detectable antibodies to Hepatitis B within 12 years. I understand that in 1996 only 54 cases of Hepatitis B were reported to the CDC in the 0-1 year age group. I understand that in the VAERS, there were 1,080 total reports of adverse reactions from Hepatitis B vaccine in 1996 in the 0-1 year age group, with 47 deaths reported.

I understand that 50 percent of patients who contract Hepatitis B develop no symptoms after exposure. I understand that 30 percent will develop only flu-like symptoms and will have lifetime immunity. I understand that 20 percent will develop the symptoms of the disease, but that 95 percent will fully recover and have lifetime immunity.

I understand that 5 percent of the patients who are exposed to Hepatitis B will become chronic carriers of the disease. I understand that 75 percent of the chronic carriers will live with an asymptomatic infection and that only 25 percent of the chronic carriers will develop chronic liver disease or liver cancer, 10-30 years after the acute infection. The following scientific studies have been performed to demonstrate the safety of the Hepatitis B vaccine in children under the age of 5 years.

In addition to the recommended vaccinations as protections against the above cited risk factors, I have recommended other non-vaccine measures to protect the health of my patient and have enumerated said non-vaccine measures on Exhibit D , attached hereto, "Non-vaccine Measures to Protect Against Risk Factors" I am issuing this Physician's Warranty of Vaccine Safety in my professional capacity as the attending physician to (Patient's name) ________________________________. Regardless of the legal entity under which I normally practice medicine, I am issuing this statement in both my business and individual capacities and hereby waive any statutory, Common Law, Constitutional, UCC, international treaty, and any other legal immunities from liability lawsuits in the instant case. I issue this document of my own free will after consultation with competent legal counsel whose name is _____________________________, an attorney admitted to the Bar in the State of __________________ .

_________________________ (Name of Attending Physician)

______________________ L.S. (Signature of Attending Physician)

Signed on this _______ day of ______________ A.D. ________

Witness: _________________ Date: _____________________

Notary Public: _____________Date: ______________________

Animal-human infection connection

By Richard P. Holm MD

One early morning, I was walking toward the back door on my way to work when suddenly there was a big bat flying around the breakfast room, swooping around like in a Dracula movie. As it came near me, I reactively swung at it and like hitting a Nerf ball, it was thrown across the room landing on the kitchen floor a little stunned. I closed all doors to the rest of the house, locked open the exit outside, washed my hands thoroughly, and shooed the creature out into the early morning darkness.

Bats are a marvel of evolutionary diversity with something like 47 different species living just in the U.S. and important by their contribution to our ecosystem. Experts believe that these winged animals first developed powered flight and later the ability to chirp and recognize their echo and thus their location. This capacity for radar-like-echolocation became so refined as to allow flying at night or in a cave without light. Bats eat their weight in bugs every night, carry seeds to reforest depleted wooded areas, and pollinate plants.

But one percent of these little flying mammals carry a deadly virus called Rabies. Stricken with Rabies, the victim, whether bat, dog, skunk, cat, or human, turns confused, agitated, aggressive, and infectious. Although not like a movie Zombie, which has returned from the dead, those bitten by one infected with this age-old condition, left untreated will certainly die.

So, after striking down the bat, did I need to receive Rabies Post Exposure Prophylaxis (RPEP) to protect me from coming down with Rabies? This involves four doses of Rabies vaccine over 14 days, and one injection of active immune globulin. Checking out the last 15 cases of Rabies over five years in the U.S., nine were from bat exposure, four from dogs, one from a fox, and one unknown. All but one died, and the one survivor is neurologically disabled. This left me concerned.

The CDC recommendations advise having RPEP if there has been a bite or an exposure to saliva into eyes, nose, mouth, or open wound. This was unlikely in my case and official recommendations say hand-washing is extremely important.

So I did not seek out RPEP as I did not receive a bite, the bat was acting normally, and I washed my hands well after touching the bat, although I did have a few restless and on edge nights.

Still, don't let me bite you if I start acting like a Zombie.

Ripple Effect –

Water has no substitute; Use it wisely

There is no substitute for freshwater. In the last few years the Red River Basin has had little to worry about in terms of too much water or too little. Flooding has been minimal and despite some dry periods the rain has been present. We know all too well in this region things can change quickly and may or may not include the entire Red River Basin.

The time to plan and prepare for flood events and drought is now. Significant steps have been taken to reduce risks from flooding but what happens when there just simply isn't enough water. Without deliberate, thoughtful planning, competition for water will become more intense as agricultural, municipal, industrial, and recreational users find themselves playing a high-stakes game of musical chairs. With a proactive plan, modest changes in how we manage, use and conserve water could have big results. These plans and lifestyle changes need to occur while we have enough water and drought has not begun. There are a number of things that communities are doing which include making drought plans, conserving water, building dams and other structures that help us store water, and learning about drought and the environment.

What can you do?

National outlines several things you can do to help us better prepare for future droughts:

1. Choose outdoor landscaping appropriate for your climate. Native plants and grasses that thrive on natural rainfall only are best.

2. Install low-flow showerheads and faucet aerators. Because you're saving hot water, you'll also reduce your energy bill.

3. If you're in the market for a toilet, buy a low-volume, ultra low-volume, or dual-flush model.

4. Fix leaky faucets. All those wasted drops add up—sometimes to 10-25 gallons a day

5. Run your dishwasher and washing machine only when full. When it's time to replace them, buy a water- and energy-efficient model. Remember, saving water saves energy, and saving energy saves water.

6. Buy less stuff. Everything takes water to make. So if we buy less, we shrink our water footprint.

7. Recycle plastics, glass, metals, and paper. Buy re-usable products rather than throw-aways, as it takes water to make most everything.

8. Turn off the tap while brushing your teeth and washing the dishes. Shave a minute or two off your shower time. Millions of people doing even the little things makes a difference.

9. Know the source of your drinking water—the river, lake, or aquifer that supplies your home. Once you know it, you'll care about it. You just won't want to waste water.

When you get home today, using the list above, take an inventory of places in your life, home and yard where you could make some changes to conserve water. And remember the next time you turn on the faucet or hose, that water has no substitute and is our most precious resource. For more information on many of these types of water savings actions, please visit the Environmental Protection Agency's website at


The RRBC is a grassroots organization that is a chartered not-for-profit corporation under the provisions of Manitoba, North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota law. Our offices in Fargo, ND and Winnipeg, MB can be reached at 701-356-3183 and 204-982-7254, or you can check out our website at

Youth, school activities highlights –

Education watch on the Lake Traverse Reservation

Early Childhood summer event

By Sonia Magat, D.O., Ph.D.

It happened again on June 18th this year:  The Annual Summer Event hosted by the Early Childhood Intervention Program (ECIP). The SWO Memorial Park was the location for the event. The nice sunny weather contributed to a good turnout with about 400 children and their parents in attendance to participate in games and activities on inflatable slides and bouncy houses from Games Galore, horseback riding guided by Helena LaBatte, Brandon LaBatte and Kimberly Wanna, also train rides with driver, Terri Weinkauf. Tom Wilson was the emcee, providing the music and jokes for parent's entertainment during the lunch catered by Dakota Magic as well as during awarding of prizes.  The SWO Youth Department donated 30 bikes of all sizes and the businesses in Sisseton and surrounding communities donated the prizes which ranged from swing set, gift certificates, free overnight stay at hotel, free hair cut, to beaded earrings/bracelet, Frisbies, cash, fishing poles, camping items, coolers, water guns, bottles of water, juices, soda and ice. There were booths set up by the Community Health Education Program with Liz Anderson, Sandra Bernard and Peggy Peters providing information on passenger safety and dental hygiene. Myrna Thompson represented Healthy Start Program. Face painting for children was done by Kelly Tchida. Bonnie One Road and Linette Owen provided the first aid services. Security personnel who directed the traffic and ensured safety of children in the games and rides, set up tables, booths , equipments, as well as clean-up at the end of the event are the following: David Barse, James Cloud, Saville Flute, Darwin James, Todd Kampeska, Jesse Thompson, Kennie Seaboy, Lonnie Seaboy and Damien White.

See photo highlights.

The Early Childhood Intervention Staff wish to express their appreciation and a big "Thank You" to the businesses for their donations to the event (in alphabetical order):

Billy's Cafe

Coteau Valley Credit Union

Dairy Queen

Dakota Connection Casino

Dakota Magic Casino & Hotel

Dakota Sioux Casino & Hotel

D & K Fabrics

Jobe's Midtown Barber

K & K

M & J Barber Shop

Roberts County National Bank

Salon 10

Sisseton Flower Shop

Sisseton-Wahpeton Housing Authority

Stillson's Service

Sunka Wakan Oyate

SWO Child Protection

SWO Youth Department

Tri- State Building Center

Wells Fargo Bank

To all parents who attended, ECIP is grateful for your continued support of all our parent meetings.

ESDS Kunsi's Garden activities

Summertime is here, and Enemy Swim Day School students are enjoying Kunsi's Garden! Here are photo highlights from this past week.

In the "sugar lab" the children learned about sugar content of food, and how to prevent diabetes.

The community of earthworms got a new, larger place to live in!

Lots of plants got new homes during the week.

Thanks to Akol and Mel and Big Jim for spreading new compost in the garden. And thank you to Russell and Tina Eberhardt for donating a ton of compost.

On Dairy Day in the garden, the kids voted on which foods will give them strong bones and teeth while making smoothies!

Kindergarteners learned about worms in the garden classroom! Thanks Shannon Keoke and Imelda Eagle!

Donation to 4-H community center project

A $2,500 America's Farmers Grow Communities? donation directed by winning farmer David & Tammy Ebben was given to the Roberts County 4-H Leaders Association to go towards the Roberts County 4-H Community Center project.

The Grow Communities is a program sponsored by the Monsanto Fund that allows for farmers the chance to direct $2,500 to the nonprofit organization of their choice.

Tammy Ebben, center presented the donation to the following 4-H Building Committee Members: Amy Currence, Rozana Dockter, Missy Lick and Brett Hansen.

The Grow Communities program's purpose is to make a positive impact in farm communities across the country.

Donation made to Roberts Co. 4-H

The Roberts County 4-H Community Building Fund received a $1,000 donation in memory of Wayne Erickson.

Presenting the check to Building Committee Members Pam Richards and Amy Currence are four of Wayne's grandchildren Blake, Nate, Emmalee and holding the check Luke Nielsen.

Parents of these active Roberts County 4-H youth are Gordon and Kari Nielsen.

Conservation News

By Dean E. Shultz Jr.

Roberts County Conservation Officer

Well, hello again! I would like to take this time and remind everyone about a couple of things that are happening in the field of wildlife and fisheries.

I would like to remind everyone that the Fourth of July is right around the corner and that brings out the fireworks. Fireworks are prohibited on any lands managed by the South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks. These lands include game production areas, nature areas, lakeside use areas, recreation areas and state parks. This year with the limited amount of rain that we have received the fire danger level is very high, so please use extreme caution wherever you are going to be using fireworks. Besides all Game, Fish and Parks lands, fireworks are also illegal within the exterior boundaries of the Black Hills Fire Protection District, national forests and national parks in South Dakota.

The Fourth of July and warm weather also brings people out to the lake. With that in mind, I want to talk about a couple of safety concerns. First of all, swimmers are not protected unless they are in a zoned swim area. Lake access areas are not zoned for swimming and swimmers are not allowed within 50 feet of a boat launch dock. A swimmer needs to find an area that has a protected and buoyed off swim zone to be safe. Also a swimmer needs to remember his or her abilities and may need to wear a personal floatation device (PFD) even in a swim area. Remember the swim area is not like a pool and doesn't have a life guard. Buoys are markers for safety and shouldn't be climbed on. As a reminder to boaters, swim areas are off limits to boats no matter if the motor is running or not; Buoys are not a slalom course and a skier is not allowed to weave in-between them.

You can never have too many PFD's (lifejackets). What I mean by this is take enough lifejackets to outfit everyone in the boat, and a lifejacket for everyone on shore even if they are the same individual. We often run into situations where a person let their child swim in the swim area with a life jacket on, then they go to the camper for supper, hang the PFD on the clothes line to dry, and then go out in the boat. What happens is they then forget the lifejacket on the clothes line. When the boat is stopped for a safety inspection, the boat is short on life jackets. So bottom line is take more life jackets then you ever think you will need. A life is way more valuable than a $15 lifejacket.

Another safety concern I want to write about is what types of "vessels" need to have PFD's (lifejackets). In South Dakota, a "boat" is defined as "every description of watercraft, other than a seaplane on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on the water." What that means is that everything from a boat, paddle boat, paddle board to inner tube is defined as a boat. There needs to be a good and serviceable wearable PFD for everyone on board. A good rule of thumb is if you are on something that floats, you need to have a life jacket!

I also want to remind boaters of the BUI (Boating Under the Influence) Law. The BUI boating law is very similar to the DUI driving law: the operator of a boat cannot be intoxicated. The level of intoxication is the same in a boat as it is in a car.

If you have any questions about the information in this article or any other topic please feel free to give me a call at 605-881-3773.

Good luck, on your next outdoor adventure.






CASE NO: D-15-597-417







Take notice that a hearing will be held at the above named Court, Agency Village, outside the city of  Sisseton, County of  Roberts, South  Dakota, on the of 13th day of  JULY, 2016  at the hour of  2:00 P.M.  or as soon thereafter as possible.

You are required to be at the hearing. Upon request, the Clerk will provide you with a copy of the

Petition describing the matter.

Dated this 21st day of June, 2016.



ATTEST:  Eileen Pfeiffer, Clerk of Courts







CASE: D-16-494-368

IN THE MATTER OF THE CHANGE OF NAME OF:                               


And concerning;






NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that Petitioner's request for a change of name from MARI ROSE SHEPHERD to MARI ROSE STARR shall be heard before the Honorable Lenor Scheffler Blaeser, Judge of Tribal Court, in the Courtroom of the Sisseton Wahpeton Tribal Court at Agency Village, South Dakota at 3:00 P.M. on the 25th day of JULY, 2016.

Dated this 21st day of June, 2016.


/s/ B.J. Jones, CHIEF JUDGE









CASE NO.  CS: 07-064

SWOCSE/ Danielle Rodriguez, PLAINTIFF





It is hereby Ordered that Notice by Publication is hereby provided for a Motion to Review Child Support and Notice of Hearing is hereby provided that a hearing will held at the Tribal Admin Building in Tribal Court, Agency Village, South Dakota, on the 28th day of June, 2016 at the hour of 1:00 o'clock P.M. or as soon thereafter as possible.

You are required to be at the hearing.  Upon request, the OCSE Clerk will provide you with a copy of the Complaint describing the matter.

Dated this 25th day of May, 2016


Michael T. Swallow, Presiding Judge

ATTEST: Melinda Carlson, SWOCSE Clerk of Court







CASE NO.  CS: 07-167






It is hereby Ordered that Notice by Publication is hereby provided for a Motion to Review Child Support and Notice of Hearing is hereby provided that a hearing will held at the Tribal Admin Building in Tribal Court, Agency Village, South Dakota, on the 28th day of June, 2016 at the hour of 1:00 o'clock P.M. or as soon thereafter as possible.

You are required to be at the hearing.  Upon request, the OCSE Clerk will provide you with a copy of the Complaint describing the matter.

Dated this 25th day of May, 2016






CASE NO.  I: 16-071






It is hereby Ordered that Notice by Publication is hereby provided for a Petition to Recognize a Foreign Order and Notice of Hearing is hereby provided that a hearing will held at the Tribal Admin Building in Tribal Court, Agency Village, South Dakota, on the 29th day of June, 2016 at the hour of 9:00 o'clock A.M. or as soon thereafter as possible.

You are required to be at the hearing.  Upon request, the OCSE Clerk will provide you with a copy of the Complaint describing the matter.

Dated this 26th day of May, 2016


Michael T. Swallow, Presiding Judge

ATTEST: Melinda Carlson, SWOCSE Clerk of Court







CASE NO.  I: 16-073

SWOCSE/ Margaret Wilson, PLAINTIFF





It is hereby Ordered that Notice by Publication is hereby provided for a Complaint to Establish Child Support and Notice of Hearing is hereby provided that a hearing will held at the Tribal Admin Building in Tribal Court, Agency Village, South Dakota, on the 29th day of June, 2016 at the hour of 9:00 o'clock A.M. or as soon thereafter as possible.

You are required to be at the hearing.  Upon request, the OCSE Clerk will provide you with a copy of the Complaint describing the matter.

Dated this 26th day of May, 2016


Michael T. Swallow, Presiding Judge

ATTEST: Melinda Carlson, SWOCSE Clerk of Court






CASE NO.  CS: 14-146

SWOCSE/ Lorinda Sampson, PLAINTIFF





It is hereby Ordered that Notice by Publication is hereby provided for a Motion to Review Child Support and Notice of Hearing is hereby provided that a hearing will held at the Tribal Admin Building in Tribal Court, Agency Village, South Dakota, on the 30th day of June, 2016 at the hour of 9:00 o'clock A.M. or as soon thereafter as possible.

You are required to be at the hearing.  Upon request, the OCSE Clerk will provide you with a copy of the Complaint describing the matter.

Dated this 27th day of May, 2016


Michael T. Swallow, Presiding Judge

ATTEST: Melinda Carlson, SWOCSE Clerk of Court







CASE NO.  CS: 00-097






It is hereby Ordered that Notice by Publication is hereby provided for a Motion to Show Cause for Failure to Pay Child Support and Notice of Hearing is hereby provided that a hearing will held at the Tribal Admin Building in Tribal Court, Agency Village, South Dakota, on the 30th day of June, 2016 at the hour of 9:00 o'clock A.M. or as soon thereafter as possible.

You are required to be at the hearing.  If you fail to appear a Warrant will be issued and Bond set at the amount of the arrears.  Upon request, the OCSE Clerk will provide you with a copy of the Motion describing the matter.

Dated this 27th day of May, 2016


Michael T. Swallow, Presiding Judge

ATTEST: Melinda Carlson, SWOCSE Clerk of Court







CASE NO.  I: 16-065

SWOCSE/ Roland Heminger, PLAINTIFF





It is hereby Ordered that Notice by Publication is hereby provided for a Complaint to Establish Child Support and Notice of Hearing is hereby provided that a hearing will held at the Tribal Admin Building in Tribal Court, Agency Village, South Dakota, on the 30th day of June, 2016 at the hour of 1:00 o'clock P.M. or as soon thereafter as possible.

You are required to be at the hearing.  Upon request, the OCSE Clerk will provide you with a copy of the Complaint describing the matter.

Dated this 30th day of May, 2016


Michael T. Swallow, Presiding Judge

ATTEST: Melinda Carlson, SWOCSE Clerk of Court







CASE NO.  I: 15-039






It is hereby Ordered that Notice by Publication is hereby provided for a Motion to Show Cause for Failure to Pay Child Support and Notice of Hearing is hereby provided that a hearing will held at the Tribal Admin Building in Tribal Court, Agency Village, South Dakota, on the 30th day of June, 2016 at the hour of 1:00 o'clock P.M. or as soon thereafter as possible.

You are required to be at the hearing.  If you fail to appear a Warrant will be issued and Bond set at the amount of the arrears.  Upon request, the OCSE Clerk will provide you with a copy of the Motion describing the matter.

Dated this 27th day of May, 2016


Michael T. Swallow, Presiding Judge

ATTEST: Melinda Carlson, SWOCSE Clerk of Court


Trading Post ads

Rummage Sale

45616 Tiospa Zina Dr. Agency Village (Up hill from TZ School). Thurs.- Sat. June 30th- July 2nd Thurs. 5-7 pm Fri. 4-7 pm Sat. 9 am - 2 pm Indian Taco Sale $5.00 (Friday). Items include: Cooler Refrigerator Blender Welder Snow blower TV's Bakers wrack End table set Furniture Stands Household decor Adult clothes- all sizes New shoes New men's Levi jeans Lots of Capri's and shorts Teen boy and girl clothes Misc.


Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate

Job Openings

The Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate is seeking to fill the following positions(s):

Protective Service Worker, Child Protection Program

Parole Officer, Department of Parole.

Director, Early Childhood Intervention.

Closing Date July 8, 2016 @ 04:30 p.m.

All interested applicants may obtain application and job description information at the Human Resource Department, of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate or contact Arnold Williams at (605) 698-8238 or Denise Hill at (605) 698-8251. (Tribal preference will apply).


Tiospa Zina Tribal School

Job Openings

Current Vacancies:

Substitutes needed for custodial, kitchen, teaching, and transportation - starting at $10/hr, varies per position Qualifications: GED/High School Diploma (please contact the HR office for more information) Applications are accepted on an on-going basis

2016-2017 School Year Vacancies:

Vacancy: High School Science Teacher Qualifications: Current South Dakota Certification meeting the Highly Qualified status for a High School Science Teacher Opening Date: January 29, 2016 Closing Date: open until filled

Vacancy: Family and Consumer Sciences and Personal Health Teacher Qualifications: Current South Dakota Certification meeting the Highly Qualified status for a Family and Consumer Sciences and Personal Health Teacher Opening Date: March 11, 2016 Closing Date: Open until filled

Vacancy: Career and Technical Education Teacher Qualifications: Current South Dakota Certification meeting the Highly Qualified status for a Career and Technical Education Teacher Opening Date: March 11, 2016 Closing Date: Open until filled

Vacancy: Middle School Social Studies Teacher Qualifications: Current South Dakota Certification meeting the Highly Qualified status for a Middle School Social Studies Teacher Opening Date: April 22, 2016 Closing Date: Open until filled

Vacancy: Gear-Up School Based Coordinator (Part-time) Qualifications: Current South Dakota Teaching Certificate and possess a valid South Dakota drivers license Opening Date: May 23, 2016 Closing Date: Open until filled

2016-2017 Coaching Vacancies- Closing Date: Open until filled

Proof of all SDHSAA coaching requirements at the time application is submitted. Requirements are to complete the following courses through the National Federation of High School Sports (NFHS): Fundamentals of Coaching, and First Aid and Safety for Coaches. Must also submit a letter of intent that answers the questions found on form Athletics Coaching Questionnaire. **Do not need SDHSAA/NFHS Coaching Requirements.

Head Wrestling Coach

Head High School Track Coach

Head Volleyball Coach

**Jr. High Boys Basketball Coach

**Jr. High Girls Basketball Coach

**5/6 Grade Boys Basketball Coach

**Jr. High Football Coach

Jr. High/Assistant Track Coach

**Fall Cheerleading Adviser

**Winter Cheerleading Adviser

Assistant Varsity Boys Basketball Coach

Assistant Varsity Girls Basketball Coach

Assistant Volleyball Coach

Assistant Wrestling Coach

Assistant Track Coach (2) Assistant Varsity Football Coaches

2016-2017 Extra-Curricular Vacancies-Closing Date: Open until filled

Horse Club Adviser

Science Club Adviser

Close-up Foundation Adviser

Speech/Drama/Oral Interp Adviser

Destination Imagination Adviser

Drum Adviser

Junior Class Adviser

Military Club Adviser

Senior Class Adviser

If you would like to apply to be a part of the TZ tiwahe you may pick up an application and background check form from the TZTS HR office located at #2 Tiospa Zina Dr. Agency Village, SD 57262. Applications may also be printed off the HR web page. Completed applications may be sent to PO Box 719, Agency Village, SD 57262. Faxed to: 605-698-7686. For further information call 605-698-3953 ext. 208. Indian Preference employer. At will employer. All applicants are subject to a Background Check and Pre-Employment Drug Test, pursuant to SWSB policy and United States Code Title 25 Chapter 34 - Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention.

United States Code Title 25 Chapter 34 - Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention.


Enemy Swim Day School

Computer Technology Teacher/Instructor

The Enemy Swim Day School is seeking a Computer Technology Teacher/Instructor for the 2016-2017 school year. Preferred qualifications: BA/BS degree in Elementary Education, SD State Teaching License or obtainable or BA/BS in any field and technology proficient; will train if necessary. For more information about the position call (605) 947-4605 or (888) 825-7738 and ask for Mrs. Dolney, or visit our website under Employment Opportunities. Send application, resume 3 letters of recommendation, and other credentials to: Enemy Swim Day School, 13525 446th Avenue, Waubay, SD 57273. Indian Preference policies apply. This position is open until filled.

TANF/Community Education Coordinator

Enemy Swim Day School has an opening for a TANF/Community Education Coordinator for the 2016-2017 school year, 11-month calendar. Qualifications: Associate's Degree preferred in Public Relations or, experience in special events planning, community development, After School Programs, working with children and grant writing. Working knowledge of computers and software programs. If interested please pick up an application from the business office or visit our website: under Employment Opportunities. For more information about the position call (605) 947-4605 or (888) 825-7738 and ask for Rebecca Dargatz for details. Indian preference policies apply. Open until filled.

FACE Parent Educator/Early Childhood Co-Teacher

Enemy Swim Day School has an opening for a FACE Parent Educator/Early Childhood Co-Teacher for the 2016-2017 school year. This position will require flexibility and planning to conduct personal home visits for 50% of the time and provide support to the Early Childhood preschool classroom 50% of the time. Hours are 8:00 am to 4:00 pm, with some evening hours for scheduled events. Please visit our web site at for a detailed position description and application. Applications may also be picked up in the administration office. This position includes benefits. If interested please call (605) 947-4605 or (888) 825-7738 for more information, ask for Virginia. Indian Preference policies apply. Open until filled.



Dakota Magic Casino

Job Openings

Foods Department: Cashiers (Full-Time & Part-Time) Swing/Graveyard

Housekeeping Department: Porter (12 Full-Time or Part-Time) as needed

Security Department: Officer (3 Full-Time or Part-Time) Rotating

Surveillance Department: Observer (Full-Time or Part-Time) Rotating

Table Games Department: Dealer (2 Part-Time) Rotating

Closing Date: July 1, 2016 at 4:00 p.m.

Starting Wage: D.O.E.

High School Diploma or GED required for most positions

Two identifications documents required upon hire

If interested please submit application to Human Resources Department, 16849 102nd Street SE, Hankinson ND 58041.For complete Job Description contact James Neconish 701-634-3000 ext. 2582 Indian Preference will apply / EEO. (Please Provide Tribal Enrollment). Must be licensable by the SWO Gaming Commission.


Dakota Sioux Casino & Hotel

Job Openings

Dakota Sioux Casino & Hotel is seeking to fill the following position(s):

FOOD SERVICE: BUFFET WAITSTAFF (1 FULL- TIME) ROTATING SHIFTS GENERAL FUNCTION: To greet customers immediately, provide excellent customer service, and to make sure the customer has a wonderful dining experience. REQUIREMENTS: High School Diploma or GED required. Customer Service experience. Operate cash register, wait tables and counting money. Stooping, bending, standing for long periods of time, or lifting up to 50lbs. Required to rotate shifts, work holidays and weekends. Must obtain a Non-Gaming License upon hire.

This position will close on June 29th, 2016 at 4 pm

Indian Preference will apply/EEO.

Contact the Human Resources Department for complete job descriptions at 1-800-658-4717 ext. 1652.

If interested please fill out an application and submit to: Dakota Sioux Casino & Hotel, Human Resources Department, 16415 Sioux Conifer Road, Watertown, SD 57201.


Dakota Sioux Casino & Hotel

Job Openings

Dakota Sioux Casino & Hotel is seeking to fill the following position(s):

SECURITY: SECURITY OFFICER ( Full-Time) ROTATING GENERAL FUNCTION: The security officer protects company assets and provides a safe environment for customers and employees. Exhibit a friendly, helpful and courteous manner when dealing with the customers and employees. Maintains security activities and performs credit transactions adhering to company, Tribal, State and Federal guidelines. Work closely with Casino & Hotel Management. REQUIREMENTS: High School Diploma or GED equivalent. Must have basic computer skills. Ongoing training through Dakota Nation Gaming Enterprise and respective security department policy and procedures. Medical aid training in CPR and First Aid. Complete departmental training program including CPR, first aid, and TAM. Must complete a 90 day probation period. Must be licensable by SWO Gaming Commission. Must be able to work irregular hours. Must be dependable, punctual, some knowledge in handheld radios, and writing reports. Law Enforcement or Security background useful. Must not have a felony on your record. Must be physically fit and able to lift 40+ lbs. Must complete all security certifications within a year of hire in accordance with the Gaming Commissions rules and regulations.

This position will close on June 29, 2016 at 4 pm.

Indian Preference will apply/EEO.

Contact the Human Resources Department for complete job descriptions at 1-800-658-4717 ext. 1652.

If interested please fill out an application and submit to: Dakota Sioux Casino & Hotel, Human Resources Department, 16415 Sioux Conifer Road, Watertown, SD 57201.



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